Re: [sixties-l] the flag and the pledge

From: David Shaw (
Date: Mon Jul 03 2000 - 03:10:35 CUT

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    On Sat, Jul 01, 2000 at 05:43:47PM -0700, Jeffrey Blankfort wrote:
    > In the schools in which I have subbed and then taught, very few students
    > stand for the pledge of allegiance unless coerced to do so by their
    > teacher. Most of the students have either African, Latin American or
    > Asian ancestry. When an occasional student does stand, I ask, in a
    > friendly manner, if she or he can tell me of any moment in history where
    > the inhabitants of this land actually enjoyed "liberty and justice for
    > all," and beyond the words of the pledge, to show me any proof that such
    > was ever intended.
    > "Under God," was added after "One nation," while I was in school and it
    > was in the 50s. Before that we were apparently pagan.

    Specifically 1954. See for a bunch of
    history on the pledge. It seems the original author/author's family
    was very much not in favor of the various changes that were made.


       David Shaw  |  |  WWW
       "There are two major products that come out of Berkeley: LSD and UNIX.
          We don't believe this to be a coincidence." - Jeremy S. Anderson

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