[sixties-l] Return of college peaceniks (fwd)

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Date: Wed Oct 16 2002 - 04:15:18 EDT

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    Date: Tue, 08 Oct 2002 14:44:56 -0700
    From: radtimes <resist@best.com>
    Subject: Return of college peaceniks

    Return of college peaceniks


    Students join antiwar protests, but many are skeptical their action will
    alter US policy on Iraq.

    October 08, 2002
    By Abraham McLaughlin | Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor

    CAMBRIDGE, MASS. - It's a sun-drenched morning amid the red bricks and ivy
    of Harvard Square and the signs of student protest against US policy on
    Iraq are sprouting fast.
    "Drop Bush, not bombs," reads one placard. "Are we prepared to build Iraq
    after bombing?" says another this one dangling around the neck of Harvard
    Divinity School student Brian Nichols.
    He has just rolled out of bed and grabbed a granola bar, and is now taking
    a stand against President Bush's plans to attack Iraq, mostly, he says,
    over oil and "to distract from domestic issues."
    And so it goes in the quadrangles, classes, and dorm rooms of this famously
    peace-loving enclave. It's a far cry from the massive draft-card-burning
    protests of the '70s, but debate about Iraq on America's college campuses
    is revving up fast.
    And now the student protests are growing including marches yesterday at
    Harvard University, New York University, Boston College, and several other
    Suddenly the antiwar culture, with its teach-ins and talk of peace, draft
    dodging, and "American imperialists" is spreading across the nation's
    campuses albeit with 21st-century twists.

    --Peace petitions, for instance, are now posted on the Internet. One such
    document has some 19,000 student and faculty signatures and receives a new
    one, on average, every 30 seconds.
    --Some students are already talking about whether they would dodge a
    draft and how. At Harvard, one junior jokingly wonders if the military's
    "don't ask, don't tell" policy means he wouldn't be drafted if he claimed
    he was gay.
    --Teach-ins have sprouted on campuses from Berkeley to Yale.

    Organizers of a recent session at Drury University in Springfield, Mo.,
    expected 100 people but 250 came and sat in the hot sun for three hours.
    Clearly, without US troops being killed or hurt or the serious prospect of
    a draft the issue isn't fully consuming America's academic hubs. In fact,
    today's dorm-room discussions "are probably pretty much like those of
    1964" before President Johnson dramatically escalated the American
    presence in Vietnam, says Maurice Isserman, author of "America Divided: The
    Civil War of the 1960s."
    But more than just the Birkenstock-wearing neo-hippies are doing the
    Take Nat Myers, a Harvard junior, who was at yesterday's protest. This
    sandy-haired son of diplomats grew up in embassies everywhere from
    Indonesia to India. He's more genial soccer player than tie-dyed Jimi
    Hendrix disciple. And his opinions fall somewhere in the middle of the
    campus mainstream.
    He's pretty convinced Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein needs to be dealt
    with somehow. "This is a conflict that probably should be fought
    ... probably," he says, still clearly wrestling with the idea.
    Like many on campus, he's most uncomfortable with the approach President
    Bush is taking to the issue. "If this war was going to be fought by the
    United Nations rather than having the UN bullied into it" by the US, it
    might be OK, he says.
    He and others are skeptical of this administration and worry that Iraq
    could be just the first target of Mr. Bush's new strike-first doctrine. He
    also has little faith in the America's commitment to nurturing stable
    governments after the fighting stops. "The US just has such a short
    attention span," he says, citing its meager nation-building in Afghanistan.
    This hardy skepticism of government is actually a subtle but
    significant difference between today's students and those in the early
    days of the Vietnam era, observers say. In the early 1960s, the US
    government had a strong history of recent success in World War II and the
    cold war, "So, it took a long time for students to think it was OK to
    oppose American foreign policy," says Professor Isserman, who teaches
    history at Hamilton College in Clinton, N.Y. But these days, students are
    quick to voice skepticism, partly because "Vietnam and Watergate have
    created a healthy distrust of authority."
    Many students will likely be at big antiwar rallies planned for Oct. 26 in
    Washington, D.C. and San Francisco. Many already joined the so-called "Not
    in Our Name" protests that took place this weekend in New York, Los
    Angeles, and San Francisco.
    But there's another key difference between the two generations and it
    shows in Mr. Myers's attitude about the rallies. He says war with Iraq is
    probably "inevitable" and that no amount of marching or chanting or
    drum-beating will likely change that.
    Indeed, in this era of low voter turnout and the Supreme Court arbitrating
    the 2000 election, there's less '60s-style, make-love-not-war idealism,
    observers say. Many students "feel a great deal of alienation from the
    political process," says Jeffrey Murer, a political scientist at Swarthmore
    College in Pennsylvania. The marginalization of such protests as the
    Million Mom March for gun control only furthers this cynicism, he says.
    But just like their Vietnam-era counterparts, today's students are talking
    about the draft. One Harvard junior, who asked to remain anonymous, has
    already discussed it with his mom, who's a medical doctor. "If there's a
    draft, she's going to cut off my pinkie toe so I won't be eligible," he
    says resolutely. And he's not alone. A poll by Luntz Research found that 37
    percent of college students would try to evade a draft and another 19
    percent would serve only if they were stationed inside the US.
    Yet not everyone is opposed to military action in Iraq, preemptive or
    otherwise. "I would send in Delta Force snipers to get Saddam," says Ryan
    Nelson, a burly junior at Harvard and ex-ROTC member. "You know one guy,
    one bullet, case closed."
    Many students are more nuanced, evaluating issues beyond one ruler and one
    bullet. "I'm trying to figure out how we can stand responsibly as young
    people and use the power of our superpower in a good way," says Jonathan
    Colon, an art major at the University of Massachusetts at Boston. "I mean,
    the identity of America is at stake here."

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