[sixties-l] Anti-war actions...continued (4) (fwd)

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Date: Wed Oct 03 2001 - 18:59:46 EDT

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    Date: Wed, 03 Oct 2001 14:30:36 -0700
    From: radtimes <resist@best.com>
    Subject: Anti-war actions...continued (4)

    [multiple items]

    "Patriotism in its simplest, clearest and most indubitable meaning is
    nothing but an instrument for the attainment of the government's ambitious
    and mercenary aims, and a renunciation of human dignity, common sense, and
    conscience by the governed, and a slavish submission to those who hold
    power. That is what is really preached wherever patriotism is championed.
    Patriotism is slavery." -- Leo Tolstoy

    Anti-war resources:



    Anti-war protests across Europe.

    CNN. 30 September 2001

    GENEVA -- Anti-war rallies have been held across Europe amid fears of
    impending U.S. retaliatory action following the September 11 terror

    Thousands of protesters gathered for mostly peaceful gatherings held
    over the weekend in Britain, Spain, Greece, The Netherlands and

    In Geneva, around 2,500 people protested on Sunday against potential
    military reprisals.

    The protesters marched peacefully from the centre of the Swiss capital
    to the European headquarters of the United Nations, carrying banners
    proclaiming, "No war," and "Stop global terror, fight for justice."

    "We want to stop the escalation of military action and we want world
    leaders to be aware of global justice for everyone," Maria Casares, one
    of the protest organisers, told Reuters.

    In Amsterdam, almost 5,000 demonstrators gathered on Sunday in a protest
    organised by a group called "The Platform against the New War."

    The group consists of about 160 religious and humanitarian organisations
    including some Turkish and Arab associations, the coordinators said in a

    "There is police presence but this is a legal gathering organised in
    close cooperation with the authorities. The atmosphere is very relaxed
    and peaceful. People have come because they are worried," Karel Koster,
    a spokesman for the organisers, told Reuters.

    In Britain, protesters targeted the opening of the annual Labour Party
    conference in Brighton. About 1,000 demonstrators gathered to protest
    against possible military strikes against Afghanistan.

    The protest had expected to be an anti-globalisation rally, but most
    demonstrators shouted anti-war slogans and carried signs that read:
    "Peace not war."


    D.C. Protesters Call for Peace

    By David Ho
    Associated Press Writer
    Washington Post
    Saturday, Sept. 29, 2001

    WASHINGTON - Activists and anarchists chanted "no war" as they took to the
    streets Saturday, their anti-globalization cause transformed by the
    terrorist attacks into a call for peace.

    The march began peacefully around 10 a.m., but police used pepper spray to
    control some protesters as they passed the D.C. Convention Center. A top
    police official was apparently injured in the fracas.

    Two officers carried Assistant Police Chief Terrance Gainer behind
    barricades l! ate Saturday morning. Chief of Police Charles Ramsey said
    Gainer had been sprayed with something.
    Arrests were made after the disturbance, said a police spokeswoman, but she
    could not provide further details.

    The Anti-Capitalist Convergence, an anarchist group based in the capital,
    rallied hundreds Saturday morning near Capitol Hill to march to the
    International Monetary Fund and World Bank headquarters in downtown

    Rachel Ettling, 18, of Grand Forks, N.D., was one of several people holding
    up two giant paper skeletons labeled "Us" and "Them." A banner hanging
    between the skeletons read, "Violence does not solve violence."

    "We're urging the administration caution before they go to war in our
    name," Ettling said.
    Other banners read: "Arab does not equal terrorist," "Destroy imperialism,
    not Afghanistan" and "To stop terror, stop terrorizing."

    While some protesters arrived in black masks, others marched with their
    kids. One prot! ester from Pennsylvania, who identified himself only as
    David, brought his 11-month-old son, Sage. "I brought him to teach him what
    freedom is like before it's gone," the father said.

    While no organized counter-demonstrators met the anarchists, workers at a
    construction site cursed the marchers as they passed by.

    Ken Childers, 38, a pest-control worker from Maryland, said: "This is
    ridiculous. How can they call themselves Americans? ... I can't believe
    these people don't want us to defend ourselves."

    At an event held in the city to announce a scholarship fund for the
    children and spouses of victims of the Sept. 11 attack, former President
    Clinton and his onetime political rival Bob Dole were asked about the
    anti-war protest.

    "This is America," Clinton said. "They are welcome to say whatever they
    want to say. ... If the future of the world in the Middle East is what Mr.
    bin Laden wants it to be, they would not be able to speak their mind."
    Dole agreed, saying, "I understand there were some urging an immediate
    response ... but that was declined, fortunately. And I think now we're on a
    proper path."

    The protests were originally planned to oppose policies of the World Bank
    and the IMF. The global financial organizations called off their annual
    meetings for this year after the Sept. 11 attacks, and most protesters
    canceled their events.

    A few groups shifted focus to oppose what they call a rush to war by the
    United States that could kill many innocent people. The protesters also
    condemned the backlash against Arabs and Muslims and say that the Bush
    administration has used the attacks as an excuse to curtail civil liberties.

    Police have blamed anarchists for much of the violence at
    anti-globalization protests during the past few years. The Convergence
    group said in a statement it was toning down its sometimes militant tactics
    for this march against U.S. foreign and military policies.
    "A rally like that at this time is just inappropriate," said Jim Parmelee,
    the head of a group of Republican activists opposing the message of the
    protesters. "If I were a family member of one of the folks missing, and I
    saw this it's just horrible."

    An anti-war coalition led by the New York-based International Action Center
    had plans for a larger event Saturday that could draw more than 5,000
    people, said organizer Richard Becker. Many groups representing American
    Muslims and Arabs were expected at the rally and to participate in a march
    that was beginning several blocks from the White House.

    The Washington Peace Center and other groups planned another march for Sunday.


    Anti-War Protesters March in D.C.


    Saturday, September 29, 2001
    By Christina Pino-Marina, washingtonpost.com Staff Writer

      Thousands of demonstrators filled the streets of Washington today,
      shifting anti-globalization themes to anti-war protests in the wake of
      the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks in New York and Washington.

      Many of the protesters were clad in black clothing with bandannas
      concealing parts of their faces; some were equipped with trash can tops
      and gas masks to defend against action from the police. Most carried
      anti-capitalist and anti-war signs and used bullhorns to deliver their
      call for peace.

      For the most part, the day had more festive overtones. Groups of dancers
      gathered around musicians pounding out fast rhythms on drums and bells.
      Sarah Andrew, 23, danced barefoot in front of a stone fountain near the
      Capitol as other protesters waded through the water.

      "I would like to think that this feels much more positive than it would
      have if there had been World Bank protests," she said.

      Most of the clashes between protesters and police stemmed from a morning
      march organized by the D.C.-based Anti-Capitalist Convergence group. That
      march, which began about 10 a.m., lead participants from Upper Senate
      Park near Union Station to the World Bank and International Monetary Fund
      headquarters at Pennsylvania Avenue and 18th and 19th streets NW.

      D.C. Police Chief Charles Ramsey said in an interview that there were
      fewer than a dozen arrests of demonstrators by 3 p.m. Many of those were
      arrested for breaking police lines or parading without permits, but even
      some of the protesters who had not received permits were allowed to
      continue with their demonstrations.

      A brief standoff between anti-war demonstrators and counter-demonstrators
      occurred during the second march, which was fed partly by participants
      from the earlier demonstration. The second march began at Freedom Plaza,
      14th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue NW, shortly after 3 p.m. and ended at
      the U.S. Capitol.

      Demonstrators moving down Pennsylvania Avenue were confronted in front of
      the National Archive building, 700 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, by a group of
      about 50 people waving American flags and signs stating among other
      things "Welcome bin Laden Fan Club," "Defending Ourselves is a Good
      Thing," " War Got Rid of Hitler" and "Traitors and Cowards Rally."

      Police were able to keep the two groups separated and keep things

      Rob Chalkley, of Reston, who was among the counter-demonstrators, said,
      "I wanted them to know that theirs is not the only voice out here."

      The second march, which drew thousands of protesters, was organized by a
      coalition called International ANSWER, Act Now to Stop War and End
      Racism. The group was formed by the International Action Center, a New
      York political activist organization that originally had planned to
      surround the White House.

      D.C. police had estimated that 4,000 people would take part in anti-war
      events in the city today, and a counter-demonstration had also been
      scheduled at the Washington Monument.

      As many as 100,000 protesters had been expected to converge in Washington
      this weekend to demonstrate during the IMF and World Bank meetings. The
      meetings were canceled after terrorists leveled the World Trade Center
      towers and destroyed a section of the Pentagon, killing thousands. Some
      protests groups abandoned their plans to rally in Washington, but others
      quickly mobilized behind the growing anti-war movement.

      At the core of the anti-war sentiments, some protesters say, is the
      belief that Osama bin Laden, the Saudi fugitive targeted by the Bush
      administration as the mastermind behind the attacks, should be brought to
      justice through courts instead of military force.

      Natalie Williams, 68, of East Harlem, N.Y., who participated in the march
      to the IMF and World Bank headquarters, carried an anti-war poster
      showing with a no-bombing icon.

      "I don't categorize this speaking out against a potential war as
      anti-American," Williams said. "I'm objecting to the policies of America.
      The U.S. -- they were the ones who set up these policies, this
      exploitation of people around the world."

      Many of her fellow protesters carried black and red flags and beat drums
      and the bottoms of plastic buckets.

      At one point during that march, there was a brief skirmish between
      protesters and police on H Street, between 11th and 12th streets.
      Demonstrators surrounded a police cruiser and sat on the hood of the car.
      Officers responded by spraying pepper spray and backing the protesters
      away from the scene.

      Gabe Talton, a lawyer from the National Lawyer's Guild who was at the
      march as an observer, said he witnessed the incident.

      Protesters "surrounded the car and tried to stop it and another red SUV,"
      he said. "They sat on the cars, and then the police sprayed some pepper
      spray. I don't think anyone was hurt, but I did see a policewoman who had
      her helmet stripped off."

      One police official was hit by some pepper spray during the march.
      Executive Assistant Police Chief Terrance W. Gainer was seen near the
      World Bank splashing water on his face and in his eyes. Sgt. Joe Gentile,
      a police spokesman, said Gainer was not seriously injured, adding, "He
      just got hit in the eyes with some pepper spray."

      But even during the morning march, most protesters focused on their
      message and not aggression toward police.

      Katrina Errico, 18, who hitchhiked from San Francisco, said the terrorist
      attacks caused a significant change in the tone of today's protest.

      "It's geared a lot more towards peace, love and unity," Errico said.
      "Before it would have been a lot more radical and violent. The attacks
      kind of calmed people down a lot."

      Another protester, a 20-year-old man from Western Pennsylvania who would
      only identify himself as "Fusion," said instead of military strikes, he
      prefers for the United States to try negotiating with those responsible
      for the attacks.

      "We should try any solution except destruction. If there is no possible
      way to negotiate peace and truce, we may have to support military
      strikes," Fusion said. "We should find out what it is they hate about us.
      We should make compromises in our support of Israel, and we should end
      our absolute economic imperialism. Both the United States and the
      terrorists share responsibility in the attacks."

      After protesters reached the World Bank and IMF headquarters, police
      prevented them from leaving for about an hour. Police circled protesters
      in front of the World Bank and blocked off the entrance to the World Bank
      with metal dividers and a police line. During that time, protesters
      played soccer, held hands and chanted. There was some taunting of
      officers as well. When police officers were ready to allow the group to
      move again, they pushed the protesters, directing them back down H

      U.S. Park Police showed up in black riot gear to help bolster the police
      presence. They established lines on cross streets to help control the
      crowd movement.

      About 1 p.m., at H and 15th streets NW, another brief clash occurred
      between demonstrators and police. Streams of pepper spray dispersed the
      crowd, and Chief Ramsey, who had been leading a line of police ahead of
      the protesters, helped pin down one demonstrator, who was handcuffed and
      taken away.

      The demonstration moved down 14th Street to Freedom Plaza, where
      demonstrators joined the hundreds of other protesters for the second

      Onlookers watched from behind shop windows and along the march route.
      Darryl Williams, a tourist from Rochester, N.Y., said he was distraught
      by the activity. "Right now, I am nothing but angry when I see this; all
      they are doing is dividing the country," he said. "They don't appreciate
      what they have."

      Tomorrow, an event organized by the Washington Peace Center and the D.C.
      office of the American Friends Service Committee will take place at 11
      a.m. at Meridian Hill Park, 16th and Euclid streets NW. That march will
      take demonstrators through Dupont Circle and Adams Morgan.


    Anti-War Protesters March in Washington


    September 29 2001
    Associated Press

      WASHINGTON -- Activists and anarchists chanted "no war" as they took to
      the streets today, their anti-globalization cause transformed by the
      terrorist attacks into a call for peace.

      Police used pepper spray to control some protesters as they passed the
      D.C. Convention Center.

      Two officers carried Assistant Police Chief Terrance Gainer behind
      barricades late this morning after he was sprayed by a substance. He was
      back directing police operations soon afterwards.

      Arrests were made after the disturbance, said a police spokeswoman, but
      she could not provide further details.

      The Anti-Capitalist Convergence, an anarchist group based in the capital,
      rallied hundreds this morning near Capitol Hill to march to the
      International Monetary Fund and World Bank headquarters in downtown

      Rachel Ettling, 18, of Grand Forks, N.D., was one of several people
      holding up two giant paper skeletons labeled "Us" and "Them." A banner
      hanging between the skeletons read, "Violence does not solve violence."

      "We're urging the administration caution before they go to war in our
      name," Ettling said.

      Other banners read: "Arab does not equal terrorist" and "Destroy
      imperialism, not Afghanistan."

      While some protesters arrived in black masks, others marched with their
      kids. One protester from Pennsylvania, who identified himself only as
      David, brought his 11-month-old son, Sage. "I brought him to teach him
      what freedom is like before it's gone," the father said.

      While no organized counter-demonstrators met the anarchists, workers at a
      construction site cursed the marchers as they passed by.

      Ken Childers, 38, a pest-control worker from Maryland, said: "This is
      ridiculous. How can they call themselves Americans? ... I can't believe
      these people don't want us to defend ourselves."

      At an event held in the city to announce a scholarship fund for the
      children and spouses of victims of the Sept. 11 attack, former President
      Clinton and his onetime political rival Bob Dole were asked about the
      anti-war protest.

      "This is America," Clinton said. "They are welcome to say whatever they
      want to say. ... If the future of the world in the Middle East is what
      Mr. bin Laden wants it to be, they would not be able to speak their

      The protests were originally planned to oppose policies of the World Bank
      and the IMF. The global financial organizations called off their annual
      meetings for this year after the Sept. 11 attacks, and most protesters
      canceled their events.

      A few groups shifted focus to oppose what they call a rush to war by the
      United States that could kill many innocent people. The protesters also
      condemned the backlash against Arabs and Muslims and say that the Bush
      administration has used the attacks as an excuse to curtail civil


    D.C. Protesters Call for Peace.

    AP. 29 September 2001.

    WASHINGTON -- Activists and anarchists chanted "no war" as they took to
    the streets Saturday, their anti-globalization cause transformed by the
    terrorist attacks into a call for peace.

    The march began peacefully around 10 a.m., but police used pepper spray
    to control some protesters as they passed the D.C. Convention Center.

    A Metropolitan Police Department spokeswoman said arrests had been made,
    but she could not provide further details.

    The Anti-Capitalist Convergence, an anarchist group based in the
    capital, rallied hundreds Saturday morning near Capitol Hill to march to
    the International Monetary Fund and World Bank headquarters in downtown

    Rachel Ettling, 18, of Grand Forks, N.D., was one of several people
    holding up two giant paper skeletons labeled "Us" and "Them." A banner
    hanging between the skeletons read, "Violence does not solve violence."
    "We're urging the administration caution before they go to war in our
    name," Ettling said.

    Other banners read: "Arab does not equal terrorist," "Destroy
    imperialism, not Afghanistan" and "To stop terror, stop terrorizing."

    While some protesters arrived in black masks, others marched with their
    kids. One protester from Pennsylvania, who identified himself only as
    David, brought his 11-month-old son, Sage. "I brought him to teach him
    what freedom is like before it's gone," the father said.

    No organized counter-demonstrators met the anarchists.

    The protests were originally planned to oppose policies of the World
    Bank and the IMF. The global financial organizations called off their
    annual meetings for this year after the Sept. 11 attacks, and most
    protesters canceled their events.

    A few groups shifted focus to oppose what they call a rush to war by the
    United States that could kill many innocent people. The protesters also
    condemned the backlash against Arabs and Muslims and say that the Bush
    administration has used the attacks as an excuse to curtail civil

    An anti-war coalition led by the New York-based International Action
    Center had plans for a larger event Saturday that could draw more than
    5,000 people, said organizer Richard Becker. Many groups representing
    American Muslims and Arabs were expected at the rally and to participate
    in a march that was beginning several blocks from the White House.

    The Washington Peace Center and other groups planned another march for


      Activists speak out against war, racism

    Judy Gerber, Gay.com / PlanetOut.com Network

    Thursday, September 27, 2001

    While New Yorkers continue to mourn for all the people
    lost at the World Trade Center on Sept. 11, LGBT
    activists and their friends have taken little time to
    pause before starting their organizing efforts to oppose
    racism and the U.S. government's plans for war.

    New York's Queer Economic Justice Network (QEJN) has
    issued a call for LGBT organizations to oppose war
    and "denounce the racist and xenophobic attacks that
    are taking place against Arab, Muslim, South Asian
    and Central Asian communities."

    So far, at least a dozen LGBT organizations in the
    New York area, including Queers for Racial &
    Economic Justice, Pride at Work, ACT UP/NY and
    Al-Fatiha Foundation for LGBTQ Muslims & Friends,
    have signed on to QEJN's declaration.

    Aleem Raja, the co-chairman of Trikone, an organization of Bay Area
    South Asian gays and lesbians, sees gay people having a natural
    inclination to understand and empathize with the vulnerability being felt by
    Asians and Arabs. "White gay people have contacted us, many who
    identify with on-the-street hatred suffered by being who they are," Raja

    The Brooklyn-based Audre Lorde Project (ALP), which focuses on
    communities of color, issued a statement Sept. 19 addressing the dual
    tasks of mourning and organizing against the targeting of particular
    nations and people of color in the United States. ALP also called on LGBT
    organizations "to reject the mantra of single-issue politics that is being
    used to insulate some of us from responding to this current crisis."

    "We need to understand the context"

    Tinku, a Bangladeshi-born activist with Quit! (Queers for Palestine),
    prefers his full name not be used for fear of reprisal in the current climate.
    He called the hijackings and the destruction at the World Trade Center and
    Pentagon "a momentous, terrible calamity, very tragic and horrific."

    "What's significant is this happening on U.S. soil," he added. "There have
    been atrocities across the world. We need to understand that context.
    History is very important."

    Women in Black is an international women's group started by Israeli and
    Palestinian women to promote peace between their peoples. The group
    has now added opposition to anti-Arab, anti-Muslim violence and racial
    profiling here, and opposition to war against Afghanistan, to its

    The fact that the United States is pointing to "Muslim fundamentalists" as
    responsible for the Sept. 11 attacks doesn't make Kate Raphael of
    Women in Black feel any different about opposing retaliation because
    she's a lesbian. She said it "will do nothing" to bring more death and
    suffering down on people who've already experienced huge devastation.

    COLAGE, Children of Lesbians and Gays Everywhere, also spoke out
    because its mission is to create a world safe for all people, said executive
    director Felicia Park-Rogers. The group speaks of concern about the
    prospect of going to war and expresses support for Arab Americans,
    Muslims, and Sikhs because "they are people who we know are often
    marginalized and made to feel different, and we know what that's like."

    Park-Rogers said she didn't receive one negative response or question
    about why COLAGE was taking a stand when she e-mailed the statement
    to over 2,000 people. "All I got," she said, "were e-mails of thanks" for
    speaking out.

    San Francisco Dyke March Committee members are also speaking out.
    "We've been absolutely disgusted by what happened," said spokeswoman
    Lisa Roth. "But it's also made me feel sick to think of what this country
    may do to retaliate and what some Americans are doing already to Arab
    and Asian people here. We can't just sit back and let that happen."


    Anti-war press cranks up


    Peace News offers alternative view

    James Sullivan, Chronicle Staff Writer
    Friday, September 28, 2001

    A coterie of veteran underground newspaper publishers is printing what the
    contributors believe is the first special-edition anti-war publication in
    the country since the terrorist attacks.

    "We realized we had to do something," said Allen Cohen, publisher of the
    Oracle, the leading psychedelic paper of the Haight-Ashbury heyday. "We
    couldn't stand by while the world hurtles over the waterfall of desperate
    acts. "

    Peace News is scheduled for print later today, with many of the first copies
    set for distribution tomorrow at an 11 a.m. anti-war demonstration in San
    Francisco's Dolores Park.

    Cohen and John Bryan, who has worked at various daily newspapers and was
    managing editor of the L.A. Free Press, say they bumped into each other the
    day after the World Trade Center attacks at the Mission District bookstore
    where Bryan works. In an instant, they both realized it was time to crank up
    the old counterculture presses.

    "I looked at him and he looked at me," said Bryan, "and we said, 'Holy s--,
    what are we gonna do?' "

    The 12-page broadsheet features contributions from a who's who of contrarian
    commentators, including Michael Moore, Noam Chomsky, Lawrence Ferlinghetti,
    Diane di Prima, Paul Krassner, Vietnam veteran Ron Kovic and cartoonist
    Spain Rodriguez.

    Some of the poems and essays were written for Peace News; others, such as
    Moore's moving piece about his recent return to New York, have also appeared
    on the writers' Web sites. There's a piece by the late Charles Bukowski,
    onetime associate of Bryan's Open City Press, titled "Peace, Baby, Is Hard

    The overall purpose, say the editors, is to express concern about further
    violence and the erosion of civil liberties in America.

    "We better get this out fast," Bryan said Wednesday, shuffling around the
    bookstore in his stocking feet while a friend pasted up pages on a table in
    back. "They're not going to let reporters cover the war. Bush is talking
    about 'secret victories.' "

    Bryan, an old-school newspaperman who often found himself at odds with the
    hedonistic staff members of the hippie papers, couldn't help needling his
    colleague, Cohen: "He believes in peace and love and all that s--," he said
    with a cranky smile.

    Despite their differences, he said, their alarm over potential privacy and
    free-speech issues has united them.

    "Is this the second Reichstag fire?" Bryan asked. "It's not that far out an

    Cohen said he is beginning to sense a mobilization of anti-war voices, after
    a period after the attacks in which nearly all criticism of the Bush
    administration or U.S. foreign policy was suppressed.

    "If you pay close attention to what's happening on the talk shows, we're
    getting a second wave now. People are thinking about the dangers involved in
    too violent, too destructive an act."

    After an initial run of about 17,000, the editors of Peace News say they
    will reprint as many copies as they can afford through grassroots fund

    Future editions are doubtful, though Cohen said contributors have been eager
    to participate. "We already have more than we can use."

    Bryan said it's up to others to carry on with similar projects. "I think
    we're the first. We won't be the last, though. That's clear."
    E-mail James Sullivan at jamessullivan@sfchronicle.com.


    Morning Edition - NPR
    Friday, September 28, 2001

    Peace protesters expected in Washington, DC, over the weekend
    to protest possible military action against Afghanistan

    BOB EDWARDS, Anchor
    BRIAN NAYLOR, Reporter

      BOB EDWARDS, host:

      Demonstrators have scheduled a peace rally for this weekend in
      Washington. Thousands of people are expected to express their opposition
      to US military action in Afghanistan. Authorities in the nation's capital
      already were bracing for another protest against the World Bank and the
      International Monetary Fund. The World Bank and IMF canceled their
      meetings after the September 11th terrorist attacks. NPR's Brian Naylor

      BRIAN NAYLOR reporting:

      In the days since the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon,
      there have been aircraft carrier deployments, call-ups of reservists and
      National Guard troops, and much speculation about where and how US
      military forces would retaliate. Parallel to the call to arms, peace
      activists have been slowly gearing up as well. On Saturday and Sunday,
      organizers expect thousands will gather in Washington for anti-war
      rallies and a march to the Capitol. The activists all say they were
      repulsed by the terrorist attacks, but say a military response by the US
      will only perpetuate a cycle of violence. Maria Ramos is coordinator of
      the Washington Peace Center.

      Ms. MARIA RAMOS (Coordinator, Washington Peace Center):

      The country, we're shocked, we're enraged, and we want to respond. We
      want to respond now. But we have to ask ourselves, 'Do we really want to
      respond to the cruelty and to the insanity of this political violence
      with more blood on our hands?'


      Demonstration organizers say US government policy bears some
      responsibility for the September 11th attacks. They cite everything from
      US backing of the Contra Rebels in Nicaragua to support for Israel as
      reasons why someone might want to attack the US. Grayland Haggler(ph), a
      Washington minister, says it's not about blaming America first, as
      critics have charged.

      Reverend GRAYLAND HAGGLER:

      When you find yourself into the midst of some trauma, it causes you to
      reflect, first of all, and to ask yourself a question of, 'What did I do,
      or what didn't I do to end up in this situation? Who have I offended and
      what could I have done that was different?' It is not a matter of
      blaming oneself or blaming America first, but it's a matter of how do
      you get better.


      Many of the groups involved in the weekend anti-war protests were also
      involved in the demonstrations against the IMF and World Bank. They
      say it's not a big leap from demonstrating for economic justice to
      protesting against war. Despite polls which show support for the
      president, and for US military action, hovering around 90 percent,
      activists say they represent a significant minority. Brian Becker is
      co-director of the International Action Center, which is organizing
      Saturday's march.

      Mr. BRIAN BECKER (Co-director, International Action Center):

      We don't base ourselves on polls. We base ourselves on principles. And
      so the principles of peace, the principles against war and racism, the
      need to defend civil liberties, even by your own count we represent more
      than 20 million people, and thousands of them will be there on Saturday.


      Washington police had been expecting up to 100,000 demonstrators
      for the World Bank-IMF meetings, and planned to erect a 10-foot-tall
      chain-link fence around the White House and downtown Washington. Now
      there will be no fence, and executive assistant police Chief Terrence
      Gainer says there will probably be more cops on the streets this weekend
      than protesters. He also says there could be some counterdemonstrations.


      I hope the worst of it is is they're shouting at each other from each
      side of the street, and that they're respectful of their individual
      rights to have their particular perspective on what's going to go on and
      what has gone on.


      The anti-war groups had hoped to have their rallies in Lafeyette
      Square across from the White House, but citing security reasons, officials
      have moved them further up Pennsylvania Avenue. Brian Naylor, NPR News,


      The time is 21 minutes before the hour.


    Greeks Chant Anti-American Slogans


    By Associated Press

    September 27, 2001, 9:25 PM EDT

    ATHENS, Greece -- Thousands of demonstrators, some gathering near the U.S.
    Embassy, rallied in Athens Thursday against a U.S. military response to the
    Sept. 11 terrorist attacks on the United States.

    About 5,000 marchers, including anti-globalization activists and groups
    backed by the Greek Communist Party, demanded that Greece refuse to
    participate in any military action the U.S. might undertake against

    Violence broke out when a group of youths in masks and crash helmets clashed
    with riot police and other marchers as they tried to join the demonstration.
    At least one person was slightly injured, though police didn't report any
    arrests or serious damage.

    Later, a few hundreds protesters chanting anti-American slogans rallied
    outside the U.S. Embassy in Athens.

    "We stand with the American people in their sadness ... (but) we condemn the
    crimes committed by the American government," said one elderly demonstrator,
    Panagiotis Valais.

    The government is concerned that anti-American incidents could hurt the
    country's image abroad. A small but vocal fringe here argues that the United
    States provoked the terror attacks at the World Trade Center and the
    Pentagon through what they see as arrogance and dictating global policies.


    Activists to appeal

    Rallies planned in S.F., D.C.

    by Joe Garofoli, Chronicle Staff Writer
    San Francisco Chronicle
    Friday, September 28, 2001

    As peace activists prepare for demonstrations tomorrow in San Francisco and
    Washington, D.C., organizers say they will hit on themes that will sound
    far different from the ones voiced in anti-war protests of years past.
    "Protesting this war will take innovative strategies that have to respond
    to situations that will be very fluid," said Jerry Sanders, a University of
    California at Berkeley professor of peace and conflict.

    While organizers are still groping to find those new strategies, they
    realize that stopping traffic, flag-burning, love-ins and most other
    vintage anti-war demonstrations won't register with people still mourning
    one of the deadliest days in American history.

    As the Rev. Cecil Williams of San Francisco said, "None of that stuff is
    going to fly now."

    Organizers say the 10,000 people expected at tomorrow's 11 a.m. rally in
    Dolores Park in San Francisco will promote their cause by emphasizing what
    all Americans share: grief for the dead and missing, and condemnation for
    their attackers; a desire to bring those responsible to justice, despite
    differences on how to do that; and a fear of ways the world is changing.

    The new peace activists say America must win its war at home and not let
    the push for increased security lead to racial profiling and the
    scapegoating of Arab Americans and others of Mideast and South Asian origin.

    Advocates of nonviolence believe their window of opportunity is narrow.
    Peace isn't an easy sell in ! these flag-rimmed days, with polls showing
    strong support for a military response to the attacks in New York and near

    "As soon as American GIs start losing their lives, then it will be 10 times
    harder for the peace movement. Then, everyone will be focused on
    'supporting our boys,' and there will be a lot of pressure not to disrupt
    that," said Humboldt County activist David Meserve, who has been
    encouraging his Arcata neighbors to contact Washington leaders from a fax
    machine in the back of his truck.

    Activists are encouraged by recent polls. Those taken immediately after the
    attack found near-unanimous support for a counterattack, even if innocent
    civilians were killed, but several polls taken this week showed support for
    that course of action slipping to roughly 70 percent.

    "People are afraid," said Medea Benjamin, a longtime activist who will
    speak at Saturday's rally. "Afraid of biological weapons, of being blown up
    as they drive across t! he Bay Bridge. Once fear replaces that bloodlust,
    then the arguments of the peace movement gain more weight."

    Organizers say they are energized by recent comments from the Bush
    administration officials cautioning Americans not to expect an instant
    counterattack. And like the administration leaders who say the war on
    terrorism will be different from others America has fought, those in the
    peace movement say their tactics will change, too.

    Tomorrow's multicultural lineup of speakers spans four generations, and
    will be accompanied by musical styles ranging from hip-hop to spoken word
    to John Lennon's "Imagine." Organizers say that's another change from
    '60s-style war protesters, who warned against trusting anybody over 30 and
    often were led by white, middle-class college students.

    But this weekend's solidarity may weaken should the war drag on.
    Sanders said it would be increasingly difficult to protest a war that
    administration officials say will be la!gely unseen by the American public
    -- fought by covert agents, small groups of commandos and cyberspace
    jockeys. There may be no nightly TV news footage to rally protesters, as
    there was during the Vietnam War and other conflicts.

    So instead of adopting yesteryear's confrontational, us-vs.-the-
    establishment tone, peace marchers will talk about common ground.

    "Everyone wants to 'get' these guys," said Kevin Danaher, co-founder of
    Global Exchange, one of several co-sponsors of tomorrow's San Francisco
    event. "But what does 'get' mean? For us, it does not mean more military

    Past protesters sometimes sympathized with Washington's opponents -- the
    Viet Cong, the Sandinistas or the Cuban government -- but Benjamin said,
    "There's no one who will talk about how the other side is 'good.'

    "We have nothing positive to say about these terrorists."


    Thousands in anti-US protest in Athens.

    AP. 27 September 2001.

    ATHENS -- Several thousand people responded to an appeal by the Greek
    communist party Thursday and took to the streets of central Athens to
    condemn the US "imperialist war" following this month's suicide attacks
    in the United States.

    The demonstrators marched to the parliament shouting "American killers
    of the peoples" and "The peoples are not terrorists."

    At the head of the march was a row of women dressed in black and
    carrying a banner reading "Terrorism - NATO-CIA."

    Other banners in the crowd read: "No to the imperialist war" and "Bush
    is a terrorist."

    Organisers said more than 8,000 people took part.

    Anti-riot police were deployed in the city center for the march, in
    particular around the US embassy.

    The protesters were to hand in to parliament a petition demanding an end
    to the "preparations for war," and condemning the "threat of violation
    of peoples' freedoms."


    New Yorkers are not out for revenge

    An anti-war movement is starting to build across the United States

    by Duncan Campbell
    Wednesday September 26, 2001
    The Guardian

    >From the top floor of 330 42nd Street in New York you
    can see both the Empire State building now bathed at
    its summit in a red, white and blue light and, to the
    south, the cloud of smoke that still hangs over the
    ruins of the World Trade Centre. The resonance of both
    sights could not be missed by the hundreds of people
    who poured into the penthouse conference hall made
    available by a local union one night last week.

    It was a snapshot of New Yorkers: young, old, black,
    white, brown, Puerto Rican, Indian, Vietnamese,
    Mexican, Jewish, Islamic, Catholic, scruffy, smart,
    stroppy, witty, hip, self- confident, about half of
    them men, half women. Depending on what happens now in
    what CNN calls "America's new war", the gathering on
    this humid New York night, 33 floors above the
    hustlers of Times Square, could have a small part in

    This was the first major meeting of a growing anti-war
    movement in the United States. There were young women
    from Sarah Lawrence College and burly organisers from
    the Service Employees International Union who had lost
    colleagues in the attack - some 29 members in all.
    There was the organised left and the disorganised left
    and many who had lost friends or colleagues and were
    disturbed by the rhetoric calling for violent

    Here, for instance is what columnist Zev Chafets had
    recommended the previous day in the New York Daily
    News: "The US must invade these countries [Iran, Iraq,
    Syria], dismantle their unlatched governments,
    disperse their armies and seize their arsenals. Think
    of it as the German model. If there isn't time, if one
    or more of the Axis regimes seems capable of attacking
    with nukes or germs before US forces get there, these
    regimes and their infrastructure, arsenals and
    leadership will have to be dismantled by whatever
    means necessary: the Japanese model." Or here's Lance
    Morrow in Time: "Let America explore the rich
    reciprocal possibilities of the fatwa."

    A CBS/New York Times poll suggests that 75% of those
    interviewed backed military retaliation even if it led
    to the loss of innocent lives. Maps showing "Lake
    America" where Afghanistan now is and T-shirts with
    Bin Laden in the cross-hairs and the legend "America
    says Fuck You" tell their own story. Only one out of
    535 members of Congress, Barbara Lee, the Democrat
    from Oakland, voted against giving President Bush
    carte blanche for military retaliation.

    But what perhaps is less audible in Britain is the
    large number of dissenting voices who may well have
    suffered terrible personal loss but do not see that as
    good reason for visiting the same kind of damage on
    some stranger. Professor Orlando Rodriguez of Fordham
    University, for instance, lost his son Gregory, aged
    31, in the attack. Like many others, Gregory
    Rodriguez, the head of computer security for Cantor
    Fitzgerald, had telephoned home to say he was OK just
    before the second plane hit. Professor Rodriguez had
    been horrified by all the calls for massive
    retaliation: "Not in my son's name you don't. I don't
    want my son used as a pawn to justify the killing of

    In Union Square, which has become the unofficial and
    haphazard shrine to the dead, there are many, many
    messages attached to photos of the dead which are
    essentially pleas for restraint, calls for peace. The
    words written outside fire stations by the weary
    firefighters mourning their colleagues are not of
    gung-ho revenge but reflective sadness; outside the
    station on 51st Street, 10 of whose crew had died, the
    words beside the photos of the dead men were "We'll
    leave the light on", not a call for "bombs away".

    Over the weekend, more than 150 campuses around the
    country held vigils or rallies calling for peace.
    Voices that urge restraint are coming from many
    directions. Here is the main editorial comment in the
    New Yorker from Hendrik Hertzberg: "The terrorists of
    September 11 are outlaws within a global polity. Their
    status and numbers are such that the task of dealing
    with them should be seen as a police matter of the
    must urgent kind. The goal of foreign and military
    policy must be to induce recalcitrant governments to
    cooperate, a goal whose attainment may or may not
    entail making general war on the people such
    governments rule." And those voices are increasingly
    making themselves heard.

    The hundreds who gathered high on 42nd Street to form
    an anti-war coalition may have many different ideas
    about the right response, which verge from the wholly
    pacifist to the limited use of the military to bring
    to justice those responsible. But they were united in
    their opposition to any policy that would result in
    the deaths of other people in distant countries who,
    like those beneath the smoking ruins so hauntingly
    visible from the 33rd floor, one day went off to work
    or play and never returned.


    At least 20,000 march in Naples anti-war demo


    NAPLES, Italy, Sept 27 (AFP) - At least 20,000 anti-war demonstrators
    marched peacefully through Naples Thursday to protest a military
    build-up and the threat of a global conflict in the wake of anti-US
    terror attacks.

       Hundreds of Italian police and paramilitary carabinieri, who put the
    crowd at 20,000, kept a close watch on the march, but the gathering
    bore none of the tension which preceded the rioting that marred a G8
    summit in Genoa in July.

       One of the organizers, Francesco Caruso of the anti-globalization
    group No Global, put the turn-out at around 40,000.

       "Everything went very peacefully," he told AFP.

       "The police were very discreet. We reached our objective of saying a
    big 'No' to war, and 'No' to terrorism," he added.

       The absence of NATO leaders from Naples -- the city is home to the
    alliance's Southern Command, and was originally to have hosted a NATO
    meeting this week -- took much of the heat out of what had threatened
    to be a tense sequel to the violence-marred Genoa summit, which
    involved many of the same anti-globalisation groups at Thursday's

       Neither police nor any demonstrators wore protective riot gear, in
    marked contrast to the Genoa meeting.

       However some demonstrators took the precaution of wearing T-shirts
    emblazoned with the phone number of a lawyer in case of arrest.

       Hundreds of demonstrators were arrested after the Genoa riots, in
    which one protester was shot dead, and many were later beaten amid
    widespread claims of police brutality.

       Police and carabinieri deployed in the city kept a discreet distance
    from the mostly festive protesters who linked hands as the march snaked
    toward the municipal building at Plebiscito square in the historic

       NATO leaders were originally scheduled to meet Wednesday and
    Thurdsday at the alliance's southern command headquarters outside this
    Mediterranean city but moved the meeting to Brussels in the wake of the
    September 11 attacks, which caused US President George W. Bush to
    launch what he called a crusade against terrorism.

       In a throwback to the anti-war movement of the 1960s, the march had
    headed off from the main train station led by a group carrying
    hippy-style peace banners and chanting in English: "one, two, three,
    four ... we don't want another war. Five, six, seven, eight ... stop
    the violence, stop the hate."

       Many were from left-wing organizations and carried portraits of Karl
    Marx and Che Guevara.

       One banner, referring to Bush and to fears that a military strike
    could spark a retaliatory attack using biological weapons, read: "Sure,
    W, we'll suck anthrax, so you can feel tough in your bunker."

       Dozens of protesters carried Palestinian flags and chanted slogans in
    support of the intifada, the Palestinian uprising. Also prominent was a
    group of activists from the rebel Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) who
    called for the release of their jailed leader Abdullah Ocalan.

       Classics student Tonia Capuano, 17, who handed out Communist party
    pamphlets, claimed many demonstrators had arrived from the northern
    cities of Turin and Venice, as well as Rome, and the Sicilian city of

       Capuano said she would demonstrate anyway against anti-globalisation,
    "because that's where the war and the violence comes from".

       Another marcher, Giuliano Malet, 25, said: "I feel that war in
    Afghanistan, or Pakistan, would only hit poor people."

       The United States blamed Islamic extremists based in Afghanistan as
    prime suspects in the September 11 attacks on its territory.

       Other marchers were angered by comments by Italian Prime Minister
    Silvio Berlusconi in which he said that Christianity was superior to

       "It is absolutely senseless. It's like Hitler in 1933," one said.


    Talk of war leads to calls for peace


    Many fear unending violence

    by Pamela J. Podger, Chronicle Staff Writer
    Monday, September 17, 2001

    Caught between patriotism and pacifism, many Northern California residents
    are recoiling at the official rhetoric of "ending" countries that harbor
    These residents say they are chilled by Washington's rapid strides toward
    armed retaliation for Tuesday's bombing of the World Trade Center and
    They want peace, not war, and fear that cranking up the military war
    machine will unleash an endless era of violence.
    "This is a tender time, between our grief and retaliation, where we should
    do something different than bomb Afghanistan into the Stone Age," said
    David Moss, a pastor at United Methodist Church in Auburn (Placer County).
    The terrorist attacks have sparked introspection among those who cannot
    condone President Bush's talk of war. Tuesday's tragedy, they say, requires
    a response that also takes into account the decades of U.S. dominance
    abroad and its unwavering support of Israel, as well as the CIA's training
    of Osama bin Laden and simmering anti-Arab sentiments across the United
    States. Demonstrations, protests and displays of nonviolent resistance are
    likely in the days ahead.
    While an array of religious leaders, including a Muslim imam, joined Bush
    at the National Cathedral on Friday, the president needs to go even further
    in that direction, some felt.
    "Bush could bring about the healing by visiting a mosque,' said Palo Alto
    resident Ann Reisenauer. "We need a statesman now who can speak in a voice
    of reason."
    Grace Marvin of Chico (Butte County) fears that military action will stoke
    more terrorism and create a backlash of greater anti-American sentiment.
    What is needed instead, she said, is a re-examination of U.S. support for
    oppressive regimes.
    "My horror and sadness is matched only by a fear that the current
    administration will react inappropriately . . . resulting in needless
    deaths," she said.
    Cindy Joyce of Cupertino recalled how she wept openly, years ago, after she
    visited Japan's Hiroshima Museum.
    "I pray to God that if we are to stop terrorism in this world, we will use
    our intelligence and our economic strength to crush our enemies before we
    bomb countries and kill more innocent people," Joyce said.
    The Bush administration has made it clear that it will pursue terrorists
    wherever the hunt takes them and that a full range of action is on the
    table in the war against terrorism.
    "One has to say it's not just simply a matter of capturing people and
    holding them accountable," Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz said
    Thursday, "but removing the sanctuaries, removing the support systems,
    ending states who sponsor terrorism."
    Recent polls show that a substantial majority of Americans believe the
    United States should retaliate, even if there is a loss of innocent
    lives. Some people said the senseless slaying of around 5,000 people in
    last week's attacks New York demands a flexing of military muscle and could
    be part of the healing process.
    "You have to strike back. It is culture against culture," said Chris Hunter
    of El Cerrito. "Those people rejoiced in our suffering. If you don't do
    anything, the terrorists will do it again, continuously, because they have
    no respect for the United States."
    Corey Lappier, 18, of San Francisco summed up his sentiments succinctly:
    "We can't afford to do nothing."
    Vietnam War veteran Richard Fox of Alta Loma said military retaliation was
    warranted. "All these people know is violence," he said. "They are trying
    to force their beliefs on us."
    But world leaders, including Pope John Paul II, former South African
    President Nelson Mandela and Cuban President Fidel Castro have urged
    Several people invoked the names of the Dalai Lama, Mahatma Gandhi and
    Martin Luther King as their heroes who faced confrontation with nonviolence.
    Tai Sheridan, a yoga teacher and psychologist from Kentfield, said he was
    disturbed by the reaction by U.S. leaders.
    "It bothers me that America's first response is to pull out the war
    machine, " he said. "Bush has said let's go kill the people who are
    responsible. But violence never stopped the cycle of violence."
    E-mail Pamela J. Podger at ppodger@sfchronicle.com.


    Anti-war groups rally for restraint


    by Jim Loney

    Friday, September 21, 2001 (Reuters News)

    WASHINGTON - As war rhetoric rang in Congress and in the streets,
    some Americans marshalled forces on Thursday to urge President George
    W Bush to restrain the use of military force in response to attacks
    on the World Trade Center and Pentagon.

       Students held peace rallies on Thursday in Boston, Michigan,
    Wisconsin and the University of California-Berkeley, a focal point of
    anti-war protest during the Vietnam era.

       Even as they mourned the more than 6,500 dead or missing in New York,
    Pennsylvania and Washington, a coalition of business and religious
    leaders and others, including actor Martin Sheen and civil rights
    legend Rosa Parks, said U.S. military action threatened to "spark a
    cycle of escalating violence."

       Many Americans have expressed a desire for revenge since the attacks,
    and polls have indicated some 90% favored the use of military force.

       But peace activists said there was a growing sentiment to curb war
    talk against an enemy not yet clearly identified.

       The business, entertainment and religious coalition ardently opposed
    a military response. "It would spark a cycle of escalating violence,
    the loss of innocent lives and new acts of terrorism," the group said
    in a statement.

       "The carnage of terror knows no borders. Our best chance for
    preventing such devastating acts of terror is to act decisively and
    cooperatively as part of a community of nations within the framework
    of international law," the group said.

       Signers included singer Harry Belafonte, actor Danny Glover, Ben &
    Jerry's Ice Cream founders Ben Cohen and Jerry Greenfield, singer
    Bonnie Raitt and environmental, university and community groups.

       "I think there will be a surprisingly large peace response to this
    crisis," said Kit Bonson, a director of the Washington Peace Center,
    a pacifist and human rights group planning a major event in the U.S.
    capital on Sept 30. "I don't think the (Bush) administration
    understands that yet."

       In Berkeley, California, students geared up for protests opposing the
    U.S. build-up in the Gulf and calling for an end to racial
    scapegoating following last week's attacks.

       Media magnate Ted Turner, in comments on Wednesday at the United
    Nations where he delivered a $31 million check to cover part of U.S.
    dues to the world body, cautioned Washington not to indiscriminately
    start bombing countries.

       "I think that since we have had terrorism for over 30 years in both
    Israel and Ireland just by killing people, we've got to be awfully
    careful that we don't hurt innocent people," he said.

       A rally on Thursday at UC-Berkeley drew several hundred people. The
    Berkeley Stop the War Coalition started a "green armband" protest in
    solidarity with Arab and Muslim Americans.

       "We totally sympathise with the victims' families and their friends,
    but we also knew that there was going to be a huge amount of
    backlash," said Yvette Felarca, a coalition member. "We're fighting
    for justice at home."

       Some 100 mostly student protesters carrying signs with slogans like
    "All Violence is Wrong" held a vocal anti-war protest at the
    University of Michigan campus in Ann Arbor.

       "I think the people who are against violence might be
    under-represented in the media," said Nancy Stoll, 43, a homemaker
    who joined the march with her three small children and a sign that
    read: "Bombing Afghan Children Won't Help."

       "You're seeing lots of American flags and lots of people that feel
    the answer is to go and bomb them but I think there's a lot of people
    out there who don't feel that way," she said.

       At the University of Wisconsin's Madison campus, more than 400
    people, mostly students, turned out for a rally, said Molly McGrath,
    who works for the Progressive media project, which is part of the
    liberal Progressive magazine.

       "People are really upset about the racist backlash going on," McGrath
    said, adding that the crowd chanted "1-2-3-4 we won't support your
    racist war."

       The Washington Peace Center said it would meet this weekend to
    discuss a response to the World Trade Center and Pentagon attacks and
    to plan its peace event on Sept 30.

       "Violence begets violence and there are alternatives to open-ended
    war against an unidentified enemy," Bonson said.

       The event, expected to attract a wide-range of anti-war activists,
    was scheduled on the weekend the International Monetary Fund and
    World Bank had intended to hold their annual meetings in the U.S.
    capital. The organizations cancelled the meetings out of security


    Rallies reflect opposing opinions on attacks



    Two rallies in downtown Portland on Sunday, held just three hours and a few
    blocks apart, offered a glimpse of the diversity of opinion within the city
    as the nation braces for war.
    The first rally, held at noon in the South Park Blocks, was organized by a
    new group called Portland Peaceful Response, which expects, and opposes, an
    American military reaction to last week's terrorist attacks on New York
    City and Washington, D.C.
    The second was a prayer rally, starting at 3 p.m. in Pioneer Courthouse
    Square, hosted by the Christian Coalition of Oregon, Americans for a Safe
    Israel and Bridges for Peace, a Christian group. Sponsors of both events
    estimated crowds of about 2,500 people.
    The two gatherings shared common themes of sorrow and compassion for the
    thousands of victims of the terrorists attacks, and participants created
    flower memorials both in the South Park Blocks and Pioneer Courthouse Square.
    But the tone of the events was starkly different.
    Speakers and participants at the peace rally said they recognized the
    overwhelming public support for a military response to the terrorist
    attacks, but many said they feared that such an action would be
    fruitless. Organizers said they are preparing to hold a rally if the
    United States launches a military attack in pursuit of terrorists.
    The mood at the prayer rally, on the other hand, was one of joy amid
    tragedy that the nation seemed unified behind President Bush as the
    nation's leaders consider their next moves.
    The peace rally drew a crowd of mostly young and middle-aged adults who
    listened and cheered speakers who said the United States should not resort
    to a military response to the horrific attacks on the World Trade Center
    and the Pentagon. There were few American flags in the crowd.
    They paraded peacefully on the streets and sidewalks to Pioneer Courthouse
    Square, circled the block, and returned to the park block behind the Arlene
    Schnitzer Concert Hall in growing numbers, spilling onto sidewalks.
    Bishara Costandi, a Palestinian resident of Portland and member of a
    nonprofit group Arabs Building Community, said U.S. foreign policy creates
    victims around the world and should be changed in order to create a lasting
    "If you want peace, you have to have honor," he said. "Honor doesn't come
    unless you have justice."
    Participants seemed to gain energy from their numbers, and statements grew
    more pointed and the applause more sustained after the parade to Pioneer
    Courthouse Square and back.
    Catherine Thomasson, of Physicians for Social Responsibility, said that
    President Bush and the news media were working to prepare the nation for
    war and curbs on civil liberties in order to fight terrorism.
    "We need to say, 'No!' " she said to loud applause. "War results in hatred,
    terror and a wish for revenge." She urged the nation to use political
    pressure and the court system to curb the flow of money and arms to
    At the prayer rally, speakers called on Americans to support and pray for
    the president and said the nation needs to stand together without shunning
    any group of Americans. They ranged from senior citizens to children, and
    appeared to be more racially diverse than at the peace rally. Many waved
    flags, held hands and sang patriotic songs led by the New Beginnings Church
    Speakers focused on the acts of terrorism and the nation's response, with
    repeated prayers asking for God's assistance to the nation.
    "Those who did the deed and those who assisted them in any way must be
    hunted down and destroyed," said Charlie Schiffman, executive director of
    the Jewish Federation of Portland. He said that action should be taken not
    out of vengeance but because "it is the only way we can guarantee they will
    not strike again."
    The Rev. Larry Huch of New Beginnings Church said that he worries about
    news commentaries suggesting Americans should get over their anger and that
    anger is not appropriate response for Christians. Huch said the Bible does
    not condemn anger, but instead says it should not be used to commit sin.
    "I want us to be angry at Satan. I want us to be angry at evil, and angry
    at people who would steal our lives, steal our nation and put us under a
    spell of fear," he said.
    Some who attended the rallies said they didn't have answers to the problem
    of fighting terrorism, but had strong opinions about what the nation should
    or should not do.
    At the peace gathering, social worker Keren McCord of Portland said she
    lived in fear for several hours on Tuesday that her brother, who works in
    the Pentagon, might have been a victim of the airplane crash there. She
    learned that her brother had left the building before the airplane crash,
    but said the experience makes her want to prevent other families, in other
    countries, from loss of innocent life.
    "I felt that terror and that horror," she said. "Innocent people would be
    feeling the same experience I felt, and for that reason alone I can't
    support it."
    Many at the prayer rally said they believed God would help Bush make the
    right decisions.
    "I think God is going to take care of this for us," said Pilar Warren of
    But she said she did not want to see more violence in reaction to the
    terrorist attacks. "I have two young children, and I'm not ready to send
    them to die," she said.
    You can reach Gordon Oliver at 503-221-8171 or by e-mail at


    Peace protesters take to New York streets

    By Anthony Browne, New York
    September 16, 2001; The Observer (London)

    New York showed remarkable solidarity against terrorism
    in the wake of last week's atrocity, but divisions
    started emerging yesterday over what action should be
    taken against the perpetrators. A peace movement began
    to emerge against the coming war that President George
    Bush announced would be used to attack 'those who had
    chosen their own destruction'.

    But other Americans shouted down pleas for no revenge
    to be taken, saying those behind the World Trade Centre
    and Pentagon outrages should pay for their crimes with
    their lives. Outside New York, as thousands of people
    thronged the streets of Manhattan in a candlelit vigil
    to remember the dead on Friday night, hundreds of
    protesters waved placards warning against war and

    While large numbers of people waved American flags,
    just as many wandered around with notices strapped to
    their bodies demanding 'global peace'. When some
    sections of the crowd sang patriotic songs, others
    retorted with the Beatles' 'Give Peace a Chance'.

    Angry arguments broke out between those supporting
    President Bush in his push for rapid retaliation, and
    those insisting that America should not respond.
    Similar arguments also took place in Central Park,
    where a public debate on the war was held. One New
    Yorker in favour of bombing Afghanistan angrily
    scrawled the word 'Yes' over a huge poster that asked:
    'Will more killing really lead to peace?'

    Most of the placards at the vigil protested against the
    rush to war. One said: 'Respect the dead: say no to
    more killing.' Another set of pre-printed placards
    read: 'An eye for an eye and the whole world is blind.'

    Dozens of people placed hand-painted peace symbols on
    the ground in Union Square. One peace protester said:
    'All this war talk disgusts and frightens me. It will
    just escalate out of control.' Another argued: 'It used
    to be that offence was the best form of defence. But
    that doesn't work against terrorism.'

    Other placards warned against racism, in the wake of a
    spate of attacks agains Muslims and mosques across the

    One group waved placards saying 'Arab Americans are
    Fellow Americans', while another protester held a
    placard saying: 'Racist Patriotism is Cowardice.'

    Elsewhere, military recruiting offices reported record
    numbers of young Americans applying to enlist for US

    'I saw what happened on television,' said one man
    enlisting in Missouri. 'The people who did that need to


    Journalists form anti-war group


    Jessica Hodgson
    Monday September 24, 2001

    A group of senior journalists and media figures who oppose military action
    against Afghanistan are creating a coalition to register their disquiet and
    monitor the coverage of the conflict in the media.

    Co-ordinated by the writer Mike Marquese, the group, called Media Workers
    Against the War, is meeting tonight to form a committee and organise further

    The campaigning, left-of-centre journalists John Pilger, Paul Foot, Hilary
    Wainwright and the cricket writer, Rob Steen, are at the heart of the group.

    Marquese said he had been "overwhelmed" with support from writers and
    journalists across the country.

    "We need to monitor the issues as they are reported in the mainstream media,
    which - with some exceptions - are not giving an accurate picture of the
    situation in South Asia," he said.

    Pilger, a veteran war correspondent, who has been vocal in his opposition to
    American military action in the Gulf, Iraq and the Balkans, added his
    support to the group.

    "With honourable exceptions, the coverage of this situation has been the
    same old rush to war," he told MediaGuardian.co.uk.

    "Whenever there's military intervention by America or Nato, regardless of
    what kind of war this is, you find newspaper stories about the SAS and
    reports from military chiefs in the area. There are almost no independent or
    opposition views," Pilger said.


    Thursday, September 27, 2001

    "Not in Our Names"

    Relatives of Terror Attack Victims Speak Out

    Some family members of the victims killed in the September 11 attacks are
    speaking out in opposition to the administration's apparent military plans.
    Judy Keane, who lost her husband Richard, said: "Bombing Afghanistan is
    just going to create more widows, more homeless, fatherless children."
    [CNN, 9/25; see
    also http://www.webactive.com/pacifica/exile/dn20010921.html] Jill
    Gartenberg, whose husband Jim was killed, said that "we don't win by
    killing other people." [Fox, 9/24] Amber Amundson lost her husband, Craig,
    in the Pentagon. She wrote in the Chicago Tribune [9/25,
    http://www.commondreams.org/views01/0925-06.htm] "If you choose to respond
    to this incomprehensible brutality by perpetuating violence against other
    innocent human beings, you may not do so in the name of justice for my
    husband." Gavin Cushny's brother Rupert Eales-White stated, "If military
    action results in the deaths of innocent Afghans then 100 more Bin Ladens
    will rise from the grave." [The Independent, 9/22,
    http://commondreams.org/headlines01/0922-01.htm] The parents of Deora
    Bodley have spoken out. Her mother Deborah Borza said: "Let this passing be
    the start of a new conversation ... that provides a future for all mankind
    to live in harmony and respect." [San Francisco Chronicle, 9/22,

    The following family members are available for limited interviews:

    PHYLLIS and ORLANDO RODRIGUEZ, skent@kentcom.com,
    They said: "Our son Greg is among the many missing from the World Trade
    Center attack. We cannot pay attention to the daily flow of news about this
    disaster. But we read enough of the news to sense that our government is
    heading in the direction of violent revenge, with the prospect of sons,
    daughters, parents, friends in distant lands dying, suffering, and nursing
    further grievances against us. It is not the way to go. It will not avenge
    our son's death. Not in our son's name. Our son died a victim of an inhuman
    ideology. Our actions should not serve the same purpose. Let us grieve. Let
    us reflect and pray. Let us think about a rational response that brings
    real peace and justice to our world."

    MATTHEW LASAR, matthew@lasarletter.com, http://www.lasarletter.com
    In his speech at the National Cathedral memorial service, President Bush
    praised an unnamed man "who could have saved himself" but instead "stayed
    until the end and at the side of his quadriplegic friend." Lasar said
    today: "That man was my uncle, Abe Zelmanowitz. When the first airplane
    struck, Abe could not bear to abandon his wheelchair-using colleague, and
    called his family to say so. Despite their pleading, he insisted that he
    would stay. They have been missing ever since. My mother, who lives 20
    minutes from the WTC, is in a state of shock. I mourn the death of my
    uncle, and I want his murderers brought to justice. But I am not making
    this statement to demand bloody vengeance. A senator from my state, Dianne
    Feinstein, said: 'U.S. must spare no effort to uncover, ferret out and
    destroy those: who commit acts of terrorism; who provide training camps;
    who shelter; who finance; and who support terrorists. Whether that entity
    is a state or an organization, those who harbor them, arm them, train them
    and permit them must, in my view, be destroyed.' How does one destroy
    states? Through the covert subversion of their societies? Through carpet
    bombing? Afghanistan has more than a million homeless refugees. A U.S.
    military intervention could result in the starvation of tens of thousands
    of people. What I see coming are actions and policies that will cost many
    more innocent lives, and breed more terrorism, not less. I do not feel that
    my uncle's compassionate, heroic sacrifice will be honored by what the U.S.
    appears poised to do."

    For more information, contact at the Institute for Public Accuracy:
    Sam Husseini, (202) 347-0020; David Zupan, (541) 484-9167


    Campuses divided as anti-war lobby grows


    Peace Campaigners

    By David Usborne in New York
    22 September 2001

    It may be premature to call it a fully fledged anti-war movement, but
    voices are being raised across the United States, and elsewhere, urging
    George Bush and his military to show restraint in punishing those
    responsible for attacks on the World Trade Centre.
    In scenes reminiscent of the peace protests during the Vietnam war,
    thousands of students rallied on more than a hundred US campuses on
    Thursday, the first of many more gatherings planned. Some of the protests
    drew counter-demonstrations demanding military retribution.
    Some of the energy that has driven the anti-capitalist demonstrations at
    recent world trade and financial meetings is almost certain now to be
    redirected into the anti-war effort.
    A peace protesters' gathering has been called for 30 September, in
    Washington DC. Many activists had been planning on that day to go to the
    city for a meeting of the World Bank now cancelled.
    Kit Bonson, a director of the Washington Peace Centre, which is planning
    the event, said: "I think there'll be a surprisingly large peace response
    to this crisis. I don't think the Bush administration understands that yet."
    Mr Bonson, who said arrangements for the event would be finalised this
    weekend, echoed the feelings of many of the students who demonstrated on
    Thursday, when he added:
    "Violence begets violence and there are alternatives to open-ended war
    against an unidentified enemy."
    Meanwhile, a coalition of business, religious and entertainment leaders has
    formed to denounce any military response to the atrocities. Those who have
    signed a document urging caution include the actor Martin Sheen and the
    civil rights pioneer Rosa Parks. The group says military action will "spark
    a cycle of escalating violence, the loss of innocent lives and new acts of
    A statement from the group, which also includes Harry Belafonte, the actor
    Danny Glover and the co-founders of Ben & Jerry's Ice Cream, Ben Cohen and
    Jerry Greenfield, added:
    "The carnage of terror knows no borders. Our best chance for preventing
    such devastating acts of terror is to act decisively and co-operatively as
    part of a community of nations within the framework of international law."
    The forum for such co-operation would be the United Nations. But so far
    the UN has been sidelined by the US, the group says. Ted Turner, the UN's
    most generous private benefactor, used an appearance at its headquarters on
    Wednesday to join those expressing concern. He warned Washington not to
    "indiscriminately start bombing countries". And he added: "I think that
    since we have had terrorism for more than 30 years in both Israel and
    Ireland, just by killing people, we have got to be awfully careful we don't
    hurt innocent people".
    But just as recent polls have shown 90 per cent support among Americans for
    military action, there is no shortage of pro-war sentiment among the
    students, too. Some campuses in the US are showing signs of deep division.
    At Harvard, for example, the debate is being conducted through scrawled
    messages left on sheets of brown paper taped to common room walls.
    "Find those responsible, their friends and accomplices, their families and
    neighbours, and destroy them," The New York Times reports one student
    writing. Next to it was the written rejoinder: "How does this make us
    better than them? You don't answer evil with evil."
    By far the biggest turn-out for the anti-war contingent has been at the
    University of California at Berkeley, which was the cradle of the peace and
    free-speech movements that developed in the Sixties.
    About 2,000 anti-war protesters turned out to be met by a few hundred
    counter-demonstrators chanting "USA" and waving American flags.
    Groups planning to switch, for the time being, the focus of the
    anti-capitalist movement to the anti-war effort, include Britain's
    Globalise Resistance Movement, based in London.
    Guy Taylor, a spokesman, said: "We will be campaigning primarily against
    the war because you can't have global justice without a globe that is the
    way a lot of people are seeing it. We don't see any action against
    Afghanistan remaining just that, it will very quickly generalise and become
    a much wider proposition."


    Peace Movement Prospects

    By Michael Albert

    September 11 went well beyond tragic. Worse is possible. Much better is
    also possible. And to achieve better is why activists need to not only
    mourn, but also to educate and organize. But many people I encounter
    doubt peace movement prospects. I find this wrong for two reasons.

    One, doubting prospects wastes time. Even when prospects of change are
    dim, to work for better outcomes is always better then to bemoan

    Two, contrary to despondency, current circumstances auger hope. "Are you
    crazy?" some people will ask. It is one thing to urge action, but it is
    another thing to surrender reason to desire. However, it is not desire
    that gives me hope, but evidence.

    Last night there was a two hour marathon Hollywood extravaganza
    broadcast by all major networks and watched by millions. Elites are
    urging lock-step obedience. Johnny and Jill are supposed to be donning
    marching boots. Yet this was no pep rally for war. There was nearly
    courage of those who worked to save lives, often giving their own. The
    evening's songs sought restraint and understanding and explicitly
    rejected cycles of retribution and hate. Don't get me wrong. The evening
    wasn't ZNet set to music. But nor did it support piling terror on top of
    terror. If the right-wing were actually as ascendant as so many fear, we
    would have had the Bob Hope and Charlton Heston Hour. We didn't.

    More, in the last few days there have been scores of small and also some
    quite large demonstrations and gatherings. Reports indicate there are
    105 scheduled today, Saturday. There is no war yet. But there is
    resistance, and it is growing rapidly.

    Just two days ago I was asked to be on a national radio call-in show
    with a listenership of roughly two million from all over the country.
    The host, a Republican, thought there would be division emerging about
    any war plans and he wanted to offer diverse voices (which is itself a
    good sign). He told me I'd be on for fifteen minutes. The time came,
    they called, I was asked how I differed from Bush. I answered, and the
    discussion continued for two hours. The host eventually left hostility
    behind, becoming more and more curious. Many callers were hostile, sure,
    but they were also open to cogent commentary. The simple formulation
    that attacking civilians is terrorism, that terrorism is horrible, and
    that therefore we should not attack civilians, was irrefutable. More
    interesting, no one even tried to rebut contextual argument and
    evidence. They made clear they knew my claims about U.S. policies in
    Iraq and elsewhere were true and they would with a few exceptions even
    grudgingly assent to them, so the remaining issue was whether the U.S.
    should be bound by the same morals that we hope others will be bound by,
    a dispute that is easy to win with anyone but a fanatic. I won't proceed
    with details. The point is, even in a right-wing forum, many people will
    hear our views, understand them, and even change their minds.

    U.S. elites like war. War sends the message that laws do not bind U.S.
    elites, that morality does not bind U.S. elites, that nothing binds U.S.
    elites but their estimates of their own interests. It trumpets that
    everybody else better ratify our plans, or at least get out of the way.
    Likewise, for U.S. elites, war preparedness is good economics. Military
    spending primes the capitalist pump and spurs its engines, but crucially
    military spending doesn't give those in the middle and at the bottom
    better conditions or better housing or more education or better health
    care or anything else that will make people less afraid, more
    knowledgeable, more secure, and particularly more able to develop and
    pursue their own agendas regarding economic distribution. War empowers
    the rich and powerful, but its real virtue is that it disempowers
    working people and the disenfranchised poor. War annihilates
    deliberation. It elevates mainstream media to dominate communication
    even more than in peacetime. War abets repression by demanding
    obedience. It labels dissent treason, or in this case, incipient
    terrorism. Elites like all this, not surprisingly. So while elites
    gravitate toward a war on terrorism for these reasons, what, if
    anything, might obstruct their plans?

    When Bush says that attacking civilians for political purposes is wrong
    and urges that we must find ways to eliminate such terrorism - he is
    very compelling to almost everyone. But when in the very next breath
    Bush urges as the method of doing so diverse military attacks on
    civilians (or starving them), his hypocrisy begs critique. As a solution
    to the danger of terrorism, committing more terrorism that in turn
    breeds still more, will not sustain support. Likewise, to fight
    fundamentalism with assertions that God is on our side, will also prove
    uninspiring. Five-year-olds can and will dissent. And so will adults.

    So what obstructs war? People do. It's that simple. People who first
    doubt the efficacy and morality of piling terror on top of terror.
    People who slowly move from quiet dissent to active opposition. People
    who move from opposing the violence of war and barbarity of starvation
    to challenging the basic institutions that breed war and starvation. If
    elites choose war as a national program they will do so in hopes that it
    can defend and even enlarge their advantages. If we act so that war
    instead spurs public understanding, and opposition not only to war, but
    in time even to elite rule - then elites will reconsider their agenda.
    Indeed, I bet many are already having grave doubts.

    So how hard is our task? What do most people think about this situation,
    before activism has countered media madness? Well, it certainly isn't
    definitive, but Gallup polls give us more reason for hope.

    First question: "Once the identity of the terrorists known, should the
    American government launch a military attack on the country or countries
    where the terrorists are based or should the American government seek to
    extradite the terrorists to stand trial?" In Austria 10% said we should
    attack. In Denmark 20%, Finland 14%, France 29%, Germany 17%, Greece 6%,
    Italy 21%, Bosnia 14%, Bulgaria 19%, Czechoslavakia 22%, Croatia 8%,
    Estonia 10%, Latvia 21%, Lithuania 15% Romania 18%, Argentina 8%,
    Colombia 11%, Ecuador 10%, Mexico 2%, Panama 16%, Peru 8%, Venezuela
    11%, and even in the U.S. only 54% favor attacking. Gallup didn't get
    numbers for China, for the mideast countries, etc.

    Gallup next asks: "If the United States decides to launch an attack,
    should the U.S. attack military targets only, or both military and
    civilian targets?" In Austria 82% said only military targets. In Denmark
    84%, Finland 76%, France 84%, Germany 84%, Greece 82%, Italy 86%, Bosnia
    72%, Bulgaria 71%, Czechoslavakia 75%, Estonia 88%, Latvia 82%,
    Lithuania 73% Romania 85%, Argentina 70%, Colombia 71%, Ecuador 74%,
    Mexico 73%, Panama 62%, Peru 66%, Venezuela 81%, and even in the U.S.
    56% favor attacking only military targets, 28% attacking both military
    and civilian, and 16% gave no answer.

    It seems clear that we do not inhabit a world lined up for protracted
    war. We live, instead, in a world that is prepared for arguments against
    war, for opposition to war, and even, in time, for addressing the basic
    structural causes that produce war. Humanity does not lack scruples or
    logic, but only information and knowledge. If people have information
    and if they can escape media manipulation and conformity, they will draw
    worthy conclusions. Our task is to provide information and help break

    Finally, regarding the issues at hand.how hard is it to understand the
    obvious? The U.S. postal system is not run by exemplary humanitarians or
    geniuses, much less by radicals. Yet in response to workers killing
    others on the job--which is called "going postal"--the postal service
    did not decide to determine where the offending parties lived and attack
    those neighborhoods for harboring terrorists. They also did not say that
    the stress of postal work justifies serial homicide in the workplace, of
    course. They instead legally prosecuted, on the one hand, and also
    realized that stress was a powerful contributing factor and so worked to
    reduce stress to in turn diminish the likelihood of people going postal.
    Anyone can extend this analogy. It isn't complicated.

    For that matter, the U.S. government, which is certainly not a
    repository of wisdom or moral leadership, doesn't generally decide about
    terrorism to hold whole populations accountable. When Timothy McVeigh
    bombed innocents, the Federal government called it horrific, accurately,
    but did not declare war on Idaho and Montana for harboring cells of the
    groups McVeigh was associated with -- much less on all people sharing
    McVeigh's race or religion. The government opted to prove McVeigh's
    culpability and to employ legal means to restrain him and try the case.
    What makes September 11 different regarding our government's agenda is
    not so much the larger scale of the horror, but instead its utility to
    the government's reactionary programs. In the case of McVeigh, bombing
    Montana wouldn't benefit elites. In the case of September 11, elites
    think bombing diverse targets will benefit their capitalist
    profit-making and geopolitical interests. That's harsh. That's about the
    harshest thing one could say, I guess, in some sense, in this situation.
    It is devilish opportunism. Yet, I honestly think that at some level
    everyone knows it's true. It has gotten to that point in this country.
    They play with our lives like we are their little toys.and we know it,
    and we have to put a stop to it, a step at a time.

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