[sixties-l] Fwd: Exhibit Focuses on Chavez Legacy

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Date: 11/15/00

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    >Subject: Exhibit Focuses on Chavez Legacy: LA Times & Orange County Reg.
    >Date: Wed, 15 Nov 2000 14:27:06 -0800
    >News from the Farm Worker Movement(www.ufw.org):
    >Wednesday, November 15, 2000
    >Exhibit Focuses on Chavez Legacy
    >Granddaughter Scheduled to Appear at Anaheim Museum
    >By VIVIAN LETRAN, Times Staff Writer
    >     When Christine Chavez-Espinoza was 5, she stood on the front lines
    >with her grandfather Cesar E. Chavez, picketing, passing out fliers and
    >rallying for the rights of campesinos--the farm workers. That year the
    >pair got arrested in Detroit during a strike and were jailed.
    >     Such was family life with the late labor activist whose legacy is
    >viewed through the lenses of six photographers at the Anaheim Museum's
    >latest exhibition, "An American Leader, Cesar E. Chavez."
    >     Chavez-Espinoza, 28, will make a guest appearance at the museum on
    >Thursday, rekindling memories of her grandfather's joys and struggles
    >during a reception with photographers and the exhibition's curator
    >     "I think my grandfather would be taken aback by all the attention he
    >has gotten from the public parks and streets named after him, to the
    >holiday, and this exhibition dedicated in his honor," said
    >Chavez-Espinoza, the fourth of 30 grandchildren.
    >     The show, in Spanish and English, saluting Chavez as an American
    >hero is a move by the Anaheim Museum to reach out to its largely Latino
    >community, museum executive director Joyce Franklin said.
    >     "Most museums our size see themselves simply as storehouses. But we
    >see the museum as an active participant in the community," Franklin
    >said. "We want to have more shows that address the ethnic representation
    >of our community."
    >     The Latino population has grown substantially since 1990, according
    >to the U.S. Census Bureau. The agency says Hispanics number about
    >801,800--29% of the Orange County population.
    >     In Los Angeles the exhibition brought in a new audience of Latinos
    >who typically do not visit museums, said Denise Lugo, curator of the
    >original show at the Latino Museum of History, Art and Culture.
    >     "We're excited the Anaheim Museum wants to pick up the exhibition in
    >Orange County," Lugo said. "This is not just a show for Latinos but for
    >all Americans."
    >     Ninety black-and-white images spanning about 30 years document the
    >birth of the United Farm Workers starting with the grape strike/boycott
    >in the mid-'60s and continuing with Chavez's role in the civil rights
    >     Through the years the UFW, founded by Chavez and Dolores Huerta,
    >fought against the use of pesticides on grape farms and exposed poor
    >working and living conditions of laborers.
    >     The photographs chronologically capture Chavez from his early years
    >as a charismatic young leader to a time just days before his death.
    >     Guest curator Kent Kirkton selected the photographs.
    >     "I've always wanted to put together a visual history of the union,"
    >said Kirkton, who is director of the Center for Photojournalism and
    >Visual History at Cal State Northridge. "So we selected photographers
    >who worked closely with Chavez and the UFW."
    >     Some of the earliest photographs were taken in the tumultuous '60s
    >by John Kouns and Emmon Clarke. The '70s, a time when labor unions
    >gained steady ground, were mostly covered by George Rodriquez and Oscar
    >Castillo. The latter part of Chavez's life is photographed by Victor
    >Aleman and Jocelyn Sherman, who still works for the UFW.
    >     In one image, cigarette smoke encircles Robert F. Kennedy, who is
    >entrenched in heated debates during a Senate subcommittee meeting on the
    >arrest of dozens of picketing farm workers in Delano, Calif. In another,
    >Kennedy is sitting beside Chavez, handing him bits to eat after a 1968
    >     The show also has a replica of a migrant worker's wooden cabin. The
    >images are as much about the present as the past, said Chavez-Espinoza,
    >a Los Angeles resident who continues her grandfather's work at UFW.
    >     "The leaders of unions such as the hotel restaurant employees union,
    >the janitors union and the MTA union workers who were just on strike,
    >and other working people have either worked with him or were inspired by
    >his message."
    >* * *
    >     "An American Leader, Cesar E. Chavez," Anaheim Museum, 241 S.
    >Anaheim Blvd., Anaheim. Wednesday through Friday, 10 a.m.-4 p.m.;
    >Saturday, noon-4 p.m.; Sunday-Tuesday and holidays by appointment only.
    >Special reception: Thursday, 5-7 p.m. Through April 7. (714) 778-3301.
    >Copyright 2000 Los Angeles Times
    >Exhibit shows his life's work
    >NINETY-SIX PHOTOS capture a man -- Cesar Chavez -- and his time.
    >November 11, 2000
    >The Orange County Register
    >One of the most striking images at a photographic retrospective of Cesar
    >Chavez hits as visitors round a corner just inside the Anaheim Museum.
    >A larger-than-life black-and-white photo of Chavez's weathered,
    >contemplative, slightly smiling face returns your gaze. The effects of
    >years of clashes with California farm owners, protest fasts and his
    >personal bonds with struggling Hispanic farm workers are etched clearly
    >on Chavez's face in this photograph that dominates the entire room.
    >That's the effect that museum director Joyce Franklin and guest curator
    >Kent Kirkton want the 96 black-and-white photographs at the exhibit to
    >have. The retrospective opened at the Latino Museum of Art, History and
    >Culture in Los Angeles.
    >The pictures were culled from hundreds taken of Chavez during the
    >tumultuous time surrounding farmworker strikes by six photographers:
    >Victor Aleman, Oscar Castillo, Emmon Clarke, John Kouns, George
    >Rodriguez and Jocelyn Sherman.
    >Chavez with Bobby Kennedy in 1968, as Chavez, wrapped solemnly in a
    >blanket and accepting a tiny piece of bread from Kennedy, ended a 25-day
    >fast in Delano. Chavez with a vibrant-looking Dolores Huerta, a Hispanic
    >farmworker with whom he founded the United Farm Workers union. Chavez
    >with actor Martin Sheen, singer Joan Baez and other personalities and
    >Most of the photos show striking farmworkers, some throwing themselves
    >in front of oncoming trucks during a series of strikes in the 1960s.
    >Others show the life the workers lived, Chavez standing side by side
    >buoying them for the political battle for worker rights.
    >The exhibit also re-creates the living conditions many farm workers
    >endured, through a makeshift shack visitors can walk through.
    >In a 1969 photograph, Chavez is shown with thick black hair, combed back
    >in a rich mat of youthfulness. A 1988 photo nearby shows a dramatically
    >weathered face, the mop of hair still thick, but significantly grayed.
    >The show shies away from taking a political position, Franklin says.
    >It's the images that tell the story, reveal the man and paint a picture
    >of the 1960s through the early 1980s.
    >"It is so powerful. This show needs to be in Anaheim," Franklin says.
    >"This will build bridges to the (Latino) community."Cesar Chavez
    >Copyright 2000 The Orange County Register
    >Born Cesar Estrada Chavez, March 31, 1927, near Yuma, Ariz. Died of
    >natural causes April 23, 1993, San Luis, Ariz.
    >Worked in fields after parents emigrated to United States. Experience
    >inspired him to work for reforms for farmworkers.
    >Set goal to increase wages averaging $1.50 per hour so farmworkers could
    >pay for housing and health care.
    >Helped outlaw the short-handled hoe that symbolized the backbreaking
    >work of field workers.
    >Helped California pass 1975 landmark law that guaranteed union elections
    >for farmworkers.
    >Founded United Farm Workers of America.
    >Led two-year nationwide boycott of California-grown table grapes in 1970
    >to improve working conditions.
    >In 1986 fought careless use of pesticides blamed for causing cancer and
    >birth defects in farmworkers and their families.
    >Honored by holiday for state workers signed into law this year by Gov.
    >Gray Davis.
    >What: "An American Leader, Cesar E. Chavez"
    >Where: Anaheim Museum, 241 S. Anaheim Blvd., Anaheim
    >When: Noon-4 p.m. Saturdays, by appointment Sundays-Tuesdays, 10 a.m.-4
    >p.m. Wednesdays-Fridays and holidays. Through April 7.
    >How much: $2 donation
    >What's in: 96 black-and-white photos by six noted photographers document
    >the life and times of the founder of the United Farm Workers.
    >Photographs also on display at Anaheim City Hall, 200 S. Anaheim Blvd.,
    >and the Central Library, Broadway at Harbor Boulevard.
    >Call: (714) 778-3301
    >Web site: For Cesar Chavez's biography, see ufw.org.
    >discover orange county
    >Hail, Cesar
    >NAMING PUBLIC WORKS after labor leader Cesar Chavez brings a message of
    >hope to Hispanics, activists say.
    >November 11, 2000
    >The Orange County Register
    >Seferino Garcia looks over a nondescript five-acre lot on Anaheim's
    >north side -- a plot of land half-paved with concrete, with sprouting
    >weeds over the other half -- and sees potential.
    >The potential to spread a message about a man whose life and work
    >touched many of Orange County's Hispanics, and the immigrants who work
    >the orchards and vegetable fields along its highways.
    >The potential to give youngsters -- whose lives have been disrupted by
    >gangs or their specter -- a chance to play.
    >For several years, Garcia has lobbied the Anaheim City Council and city
    >parks and recreation officials to name a planned park at Santa Ana
    >Avenue and Walnut Street for the late United Farm Workers union founder,
    >Cesar Chavez.
    >Garcia and other Hispanic activists want to name a school and a street
    >after Chavez, whose hunger strikes and organized grape boycotts and
    >huelgas (strikes) by Latino farm workers in the 1960s and '70s lead to
    >revolution and reform in agriculture.
    >"People against it say Cesar Chavez didn't live in Anaheim. But we need
    >to have our students and people understand that he built one of the most
    >powerful unions in the country," Garcia says.
    >With the opening this month of a photographic retrospective of Chavez's
    >life and union work at the Anaheim Museum, Garcia sees the opportunity
    >to build momentum. During the next few weeks, Garcia will work with the
    >museum to bring groups of students to the Chavez exhibit. To show them
    >his legacy and effect on their lives. To inspire them.
    >"I think the exhibit is really long overdue for our people. I think it's
    >going to build a lot of self-esteem for our youth. It will motivate kids
    >to understand their history and culture," says Garcia. His work to honor
    >Chavez took him to Tucson last week, where he helped promote
    >construction of a park to be named after the labor organizer, in a
    >gang-infested area.
    >"Chavez was a nonviolent man and that's going to help a lot of the gang
    >members in our community to understand that violence is wrong," says
    >Garcia, who founded the nonprofit organization Solevar and works closely
    >with gang members in the predominately Hispanic north side neighborhood
    >in Anaheim.
    >He also hopes the exhibit spurs community leaders in Anaheim, Santa Ana
    >and the rest of Orange County to look more favorably at proposals to
    >name a school and several streets after Chavez.
    >So far, a continuation school in the Santa Ana School District and a
    >building at Santa Ana College honor Chavez. Activists are happy with a
    >new law that gives state workers a paid holiday to honor Chavez, but
    >they note that it only encourages school districts to have a day of
    >information about the leader.
    >Benny Diaz Jr., state district director of the League of United Latin
    >American Citizens, says Chavez inspired him to move into community
    >service when he appeared at the University of California, Irvine, where
    >Diaz was a student.
    >"Without Cesar Chavez, we would not have the number of Latino elected
    >officials we have right now. His influence and fight for justice have
    >really motivated a lot of people to make changes, to make differences
    >for the many people in Orange County's Latino community," Diaz says.
    >Jose Solorio, a community activist and member of the Santa Ana Planning
    >Commission, worked alongside Chavez's parents, Federico and Guadalupe,
    >harvesting crops from cotton to pistachios, citrus fruit to hay, sugar
    >beets to almonds, peaches and carrots in the fields surrounding Delano.
    >The community in the San Joaquin Valley was the center of Chavez's most
    >high-profile work. Solorio saw Chavez at his last hunger strike in
    >Delano. Many people aren't aware of the sweeping changes Chavez brought
    >to farmworkers, he says.
    >Solorio hopes the exhibit will increase interest in the leader's
    >actions, which prompted farm owners to install portable restrooms for
    >workers, schedule water breaks and give workers longer hoes so they
    >didn't hurt their backs stooping over short hoes -- changes that were
    >boons to his parents.
    >What: Solevar community group
    >Where: Anaheim
    >What's in: Working to get Anaheim park named for late union organizer
    >Cesar E. Chavez
    >Call: Solevar, (714) 535-1542
    >For more information on the Farm Worker Movement visit our web site at 
    >http://www.ufw.org and/or subscribe to the Farm Worker Movement list serve 
    >by sending an e-mail to UFW-subscribe@topica.com.  To unsubscribe send an 
    >e-mail to: UFW-unsubscribe@topica.com.

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