This is a very interesting discussion. I have a different take. The '60s activists opposed the state and its violence, but didn't have the vaguest notion of the level of force it would resort to. When the Kent State massacre occurred (I omit Jackson State because to Blacks extreme violence against them was the norm not the exception; they simply shifted their focus of activity primarily to the electoral sphere after having won the right to vote), the white activists suddenly realized that parading back and forth and smashing some windows and overthrowing a few cars was no match for firepower. We had won political freedom on campus, made continuation of the Vietnam War impossible and compelled the emergence of the new Pentagon culture of war without American casualties thus significantly hindering American imperialism, created the foundation for the new feminism (even though it arose partly as a rebellion against the male chauvinism of movement heavies), opened the path for gays, gained widespread abolition of the death penalty, and had been of significant assistance to African-Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans in their struggles. Not bad at all. We had not been successful (most white activists weren't interested in) either in building a viable third party or using the progressive stirrings in the Democratic Party in a serious attempt to take it over (impossible? think of the Freedom Democratic Party in Mississippi and its impact upon some prominent mainstream leaders at the presidential convention). So when the new, "moral" Right, well-described by Monkerud and others, arose in place of the violent White Citizens' Councils and KKK Right and the frankly anti-democratic (small "d") protofascism of Joe McCarthy, Sixties people, looking for Utopias in Cuba, China, and even North Korea (not the USSR, which its own faults and increasingly skilled and informed anti-communism had eliminated as a model), had their backs turned on American reality and were marginalized. William Mandel monkerud wrote: > Well put posting Ted! Much more detailed than my simplistic emotional > description.
This archive was generated by hypermail 2b30 : 10/04/00 EDT