17.697 studies of beginnings & endings of words

From: Humanist Discussion Group (by way of Willard McCarty willard.mccarty@kcl.ac.uk)
Date: Wed Mar 10 2004 - 04:12:53 EST

               Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 17, No. 697.
       Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College London
                     Submit to: humanist@princeton.edu

         Date: Wed, 10 Mar 2004 09:07:11 +0000
         From: "Jim Marchand" <marchand@staff.uiuc.edu>
         Subject: Re: 17.691 studies of beginnings & endings of words?

Most of the grammars of older Indo-European languages will have a
section on word-final developments, and there are even books on the
subject; cf. Alois Walde, Die germanischen Auslautgesetze. Eine
sprachwissenschaftliche Untersuchung mit vornehmlicher
Beruecksichtung der Zeitfolge der Auslautsveraenderungen. Halle,
1900. Many of these grammars are in German, and the German word is
`Auslaut'. In English we often say `laws of finals', and the
French linguist Andre Martinet introduced the adjective
`desinential' into English. Word initial is not taken up all that
much, though I do remember that Hirt in his Indogermanische
Grammatik (vol. 1) has a section on Anlaut (initial). There are
some languages, like the Celtic, where one has to treat initial
changes, e. g. Irish bean `woman', mna `of the woman', and there is
the famous `Notker's Anlaut(s)gesetz' in Old High German.

-----Original Message-----
From: Humanist Discussion Group
<willard.mccarty@kcl.ac.uk>) <willard@lists.village.virginia.edu>
To: humanist@Princeton.EDU <humanist@Princeton.EDU>
Date: Sunday, March 07, 2004 2:18 AM

> Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 17, No. 691.
> Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College London
> www.kcl.ac.uk/humanities/cch/humanist/
> www.princeton.edu/humanist/
> Submit to: humanist@princeton.edu
> Date: Sun, 07 Mar 2004 08:11:43 +0000
> From: "Yuri Tambovtsev" <yutamb@mail.cis.ru>
> Subject: beginnings-endings of the word in world languages
>Dear Humanist Discussion Group colleagues, I'm studying the frequency of
>occurrence of sounds (phonemes) at the beginning and end of the word in
>different world languages now. I wonder if you can tell me who studies it
>and where it is published. In many Turkic languages the frequency of some
>groups of consonants and vowels is quite different at the beginning and end
>of the word. So far, I have studied Turkish, Tatar-Baraba, Tatar-Kazan',
>Uyghur, Jukut, Bashkir and Turkmen. I'm going to compare their data to the
>languages of TUngus-Manchurian and Mongolian family. All of them to
>Japanese and Korean or Chinese. I wonder if the data on the languages
>mentioned above have been published? Looking forward to hearing from you to
><mailto:yutamb@hotmail.com>yutamb@hotmail.com Remain yours sincerely and
>hopefully Yuri Tambovtsev

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