17.401 new books

From: Humanist Discussion Group (by way of Willard McCarty willard.mccarty@kcl.ac.uk)
Date: Tue Nov 18 2003 - 03:23:11 EST

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                   Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 17, No. 401.
           Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College London
                         Submit to: humanist@princeton.edu

             Date: Tue, 18 Nov 2003 08:11:42 +0000
             From: Willard McCarty <willard.mccarty@kcl.ac.uk>
             Subject: new books

    Animal Bodies, Human Minds
    Ape, Dolphin, and Parrot Language Skills


    W.A. Hillix
    San Diego State University, CA, USA

    Duane Rumbaugh
    San Diego State University, CA, USA


    Several books chronicle attempts, most of them during the last 40 years, to
    teach animals to communicate with people in a human-designed language.
    These books have typically treated only one or two species, or even one or
    a few research projects. We have provided a more encompassing view of this
    field. We also want to reinforce what other authors, for example Jane
    Goodall, Sue Savage-Rumbaugh, Penny Patterson, Birute Galdikas, and Roger
    and Deborah Fouts, so passionately convey about our responsibility for our
    closest animal kin.
    This book surveys what was known, or believed about animal language
    throughout history and prehistory, and summarizes current knowledge and the
    controversy around it. The authors identify and attempt to settle most of
    the problems in interpreting the animal behaviours that have been observed
    in studies of animal language ability.

    Hardbound ISBN: 0-306-47739-4 Date: December 2003 Pages: 224 pp.
    EURO 121.50 / USD 135.00 / GBP 87.00

    Effective Inquiry for Innovative Engineering Design
      From Basic Principles to Applications


    Ozgur Eris
    Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, CA, USA

    Designers think in a specific way that is both ubiquitous and unique, often
    referred to as "design thinking" or "design cognition". Effective Inquiry
    for Innovative Engineering Design presents empirical evidence for this
    claim. It demonstrates a unique attribute of design thinking by identifying
    and characterizing a class of questions called "Generative Design
    Questions". These questions are frequently asked by designers in dialog.
    Their use constitutes a fundamental cognitive mechanism in design thinking.
    Their discovery stems from another finding of the work: a conceptual
    duality between questions and decisions that is engraved deep within the
    design process.
    This duality challenges a view that treats designing as decision making.
    Decisions form the tip of the iceberg; Questions keep it afloat:
         * Can an effective decision making process be performed without having
    high quality information?
         * Can high quality information be acquired and generated without
    performing an effective inquiry process?
    The answer to both questions is no, and underscores the importance of our
    quest to better understand the role of inquiry in design.
    Pragmatically, Effective Inquiry for Innovative Engineering Design presents
    a new design thinking model. It illustrates the effective transformation of
    design requirements into design concepts and those concepts into design
    decisions and specifications as a question-driven process. The ability to
    leverage this cycle in operating at the necessary level of conceptual
    abstraction throughout the design process is a defining quality of high
    performance innovative design teams.

         * Preface.
         * 1: Introduction. 1.1. Why Study Question Asking? 1.2. Why Study
    Design Cognition? 1.3. Research Questions and Approach.
         * 2: Question Asking: A Fundamental Dimension in Design Thinking. 2.1.
    Contemporary Topics in Design Research. 2.2. The Question-Decision Duality.
    2.3. Learning from Existing Taxonomies of Questions.
         * 3: Development of a Taxonomy that is Comprehensive of the Questions
    Asked while Designing. 3.1. Context for the Observations on the Nature of
    Questions Asked While Designing. 3.2. Definition of a Question. 3.3. An
    Argument for the Search for the "Possible" and Its Characterization as
    Question Categories. 3.4. Comparison of the Taxonomic Approaches.
         * 4: Hypothesis Generation in the Field: Shadowing the Design Team.
    4.1. Grounded Principle for Hypotheses Generation. 4.2. Context of the
    Preliminary Observations. 4.3. Two Techniques for Capturing Design Activity
    in the Field and Generating Hypothesis. 4.4. Findings of the Field Research.
         * 5: Designing the Intervention: Differentiating Designing from Problem
    Solving. 5.1. Deriving Requirements for the Design Experiment. 5.2.
    Addressing the Requirements. 5.3. Meeting the Requirements: The Pilot
         * 6: Learning from the Pilot Experiments: "Good" Questions and
    Discoveries. 6.1. Improving the Experimental Methodology. 6.2. Augmenting
    the Hypotheses: Discovery Making as another Internal Performance Metric.
    6.3. Refining the Hypotheses: Characterization of a "Good" Question. 6.4.
    The Augmented Hypotheses.
         * 7: Conducting the Redesigned Experiment: Putting the Question Asking
    Aspect of Design Cognition under the Microscope. 7.1. Data Collection and
    Analysis Procedures. 7.2. Data Analysis and Results. 7.3. Revisiting the
         * 8: Synthesizing a Question-centric Design Thinking Model. 8.1.
    Question Asking as a Process. 8.2. Question Asking as Creative Negotiation.
    8.3. Question Asking as a Mechanism for Managing Convergent and Divergent
    Thinking Modes. 8.4. Implications of the Verified Hypotheses. 8.5. A
    Question-Centric Design Thinking Model. 8.6. Potential Applications of the
    Design Thinking Model.
         * Appendix. References. Index.

    Hardbound ISBN: 1-4020-7717-3 Date: December 2003 Pages: 168 pp.
    EURO 105.00 / USD 115.00 / GBP 72.00

    The Paradoxes of Action
    (Human Action, Law and Philosophy)


    Daniel González Lagier
    University of Alicante, Spain


    What is an action, and what is an omission? Are actions natural phenomena,
    or rather a product of our vision of the world? What is the difference
    between an action and a mere bodily movement? Can actions be counted? What
    is the role of intention for the identification of actions? Can we make
    mistakes in identifying our own actions? Under what conditions is it
    possible to impute a non-intentional action to someone?
    This book suggests answers, or at least presents conceptual tools for
    finding answers, to these and other, related questions. The author displays
    a sovereign command and profound understanding of the complex theoretical
    issues involved and offers an original approach to the analysis of action.
    The book is written in a very accessible style and is of interest to
    lawyers, legal scientists and philosophers. It will be of specific interest
    to specialists of action theory and non-specialists who wish to learn more
    about some of the principal philosophical and legal conceptions of action
    and the analysis of their structures.

    Hardbound ISBN: 1-4020-1661-1 Date: December 2003 Pages: 146 pp.
    EURO 69.00 / USD 76.00 / GBP 48.00

    Dr Willard McCarty | Senior Lecturer | Centre for Computing in the
    Humanities | King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS || +44 (0)20
    7848-2784 fax: -2980 || willard.mccarty@kcl.ac.uk

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