15.572 American Memory collection; eScholarship Repository

From: Humanist Discussion Group (by way of Willard McCarty (w.mccarty@btinternet.com)
Date: Tue Apr 09 2002 - 03:06:12 EDT

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                   Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 15, No. 572.
           Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College London

       [1] From: "danna c. bell-russel" <dbell@loc.gov> (23)
             Subject: Slavery and the Courts collection on American Memory

       [2] From: NINCH-ANNOUNCE <david@ninch.org> (122)
             Subject: eScholarship Repository announced by California
                     Digital Library

             Date: Tue, 09 Apr 2002 07:46:25 +0100
             From: "danna c. bell-russel" <dbell@loc.gov>
             Subject: Slavery and the Courts collection on American Memory

    Slaves and the Courts, 1740-1860 is the latest addition to the more than
    one hundred online collections that are a part of the American Memory
    Historical Collections presented by the Library of Congress. This new
    collection features about one hundred pamphlets and books documenting
    the difficult experiences of African and African-American slaves in the
    American colonies and the United States. Drawn from the Law Library and
    the Rare Book and Special Collections Division of the Library of Congress,
    these materials include an assortment of trials and cases, reports,
    arguments, examinations of cases and decisions, proceedings, and other
    works of historical importance concerning slaves in free jurisdictions,
    fugitive slaves, slave revolts, the African slave trade, and abolitionists
    in the North and South.

    Highlights of the collection include the cases of Somerset v. Stewart,
    1772, which laid the groundwork for the abolition of slavery in England,
    and Dred Scott, 1857, which helped precipitate the Civil War, as well as
    the memoirs of Daniel Drayton, who helped slaves escape to freedom. Other
    materials document the work of John Quincy Adams and William Lloyd Garrison
    to abolish slavery and the trial of John Brown. The collection contains
    courtroom transcripts, important speeches from trials, lawyers' trial
    arguments, and Supreme Court decisions. A special presentation shows a
    manuscript slave code of 1860 from the District of Columbia.

    The collection can be found at the following url:
    < http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/sthtml/ >

    Please direct any questions to <http://www.loc.gov/rr/askalib/ask-memory.html>

             Date: Tue, 09 Apr 2002 08:02:28 +0100
             From: NINCH-ANNOUNCE <david@ninch.org>
             Subject: eScholarship Repository announced by California Digital

    News on Networking Cultural Heritage Resources
    from across the Community
    April 8, 2002

              eScholarship Repository announced by California Digital Library

    A model new service has just been announced by the California Digital
    Library: a repository for storing and distributing digital academic working
    papers together with services and tools for both authors and readers which,
    for example, can issue alerts when new work is produced and allows tracking
    of changes over time.

    David Green

    ************* PRESS RELEASE *********************
    California Digital Library
    University of California, Office of the President
    300 Lakeside Drive, 6th Floor Oakland, CA 94612

    FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Contact: John Ober

       (510) 987-0425

    April 3, 2002
    Oakland, CA


    The California Digital Library today announced the launch of a web site and
    associated digital services to store and distribute academic research
    results and working papers. The eScholarship Repository
    (http://repositories.cdlib.org/) includes a set of author and reader
    services for the rapid dissemination of scholarship authored or sponsored
    by faculty from the University of California. Its initial focus will be on
    working papers from the humanities and social sciences.

    Built under a co-development partnership with the Berkeley Electronic Press
    (bepress), the tools behind the eScholarship Repository improve the speed
    and efficiency of sharing the results of scholarly efforts. For
    participating scholars, departments, and research institutes, publishing
    working papers is greatly streamlined. The submission, processing, and
    dissemination of papers is managed through a simple web interface, the
    bepress EdiKit system.

    Likewise, readers can, at no charge, discover and view relevant research by
    topic, author, or sponsoring research department with the sites
    straightforward organization and search tools. The system also allows users
    to sign up for a service alerting them to new content in their specific
    areas of interest.

    Following focus groups and planning meetings in late 2001 with UC social
    science scholars and research staff, the repository opens with
    early-adopter social science research units at UC Berkeley and UCLA. The
    Berkeley Olin Program in Law and Economics, Institute of Industrial
    Relations, Institute of Business and Economic Research, Institute of
    Transportation Studies, and others are moving existing working paper series
    to the repository as well as using it to publish new scholarship. The
    eScholarship Repository will also be the first stop for papers in the
    University of California International and Area Studies (UCIAS)
    peer-reviewed ePublications Program, an eScholarship initiative launched
    last year (http://escholarship.cdlib.org/ias.html).

    "What's not to like?" asked Martin Wachs, Director of the Institute of
    Transportation Studies and Professor of Civil Engineering and City and
    Regional Planning at UC Berkeley. "I welcome any technology that improves
    people's access to our research. By placing ITS researchers' papers in this
    new digital repository, we will be able to reach a larger audience."

    The repository represents an important component of the CDL's eScholarship
    program, whose mission is to facilitate and support scholar-led innovations
    in scholarly communication. A clear advantage of CDL's sponsorship of the
    repository is its commitment to making the working papers available over time.

    "Of course, libraries have long been in the business of preserving
    materials and providing ongoing access to them, so it makes sense that UC's
    digital library would respond to these goals for digital scholarship as
    well," said Catherine Candee, Director of Scholarly Communication
    Initiatives for the CDL. "Scholars responded enthusiastically to our
    support of innovations in the early dissemination of their work, but the
    safekeeping and ongoing availability of that work, through inevitable
    software and hardware changes, is of paramount concern to them and us as
    well," she added.

    Associated with the authors' concern for permanence of the digital versions
    of their papers is a reader's need for reliable tracking of the evolution
    of a work. The eScholarship Repository accommodates that need by
    maintaining links and citations for previous or later versions of any
    material posted.

    CDL expects the collection to grow quickly in size and diversity, with the
    addition of content from other social science and humanities institutes and
    scholars. The eScholarship program is working with UC libraries and a
    10-campus scholarly communication advisory body to schedule this phased

    Although the content of the repository is expected to grow to tens of
    thousands of articles, eScholarship builds from a vision of researchers who
    are able to search across many openly available repositories, leading to
    single-point access to a global network of research results. By adopting a
    technology for sharing repository contents, known as the Open Archive
    Initiative (OAI) metadata harvesting protocol, the eScholarship repository
    joins a set of like-minded initiatives to bring the vision a step closer.

    According to Candee, the eScholarship Repository could not come at a better
    time for social sciences. There are few well-organized alternatives with
    non-profit backing and goals of low or no-cost access to social science
    scholarship. In contrast to commercial ventures, that may charge both for
    authors to deposit materials into a collection and for readers to search
    and use a collection, the eScholarship model extends university support of
    scholarship to include its dissemination to the broader community at no cost.

    "I am thrilled that an institution as large and influential as the
    University of California is providing a viable option for social scientists
    and humanities scholars to share their work," said Marc Mayerson, Assistant
    Dean of Social Sciences at UCLA. "What better role could the CDL play than
    to help us help ourselves in creating faster, broader, permanent means of
    building upon each others work, or to manage the output from the
    Universitys investment in scholars and scholarship?"

    # # #

    Editors: Additional information about the California Digital Library may be
    found at the CDL web site, http://www.cdlib.org . Additional information
    about the eScholarship program may be found at
    http://www.escholarship.cdlib.org/. For additional information about the
    CDL please contact John Ober, CDL director for education & strategic
    innovation, (510) 987-0425; or John.Ober@ucop.edu.


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