15.358 digitising the body, cyborg guidelines

From: by way of Willard McCarty (willard@lists.village.Virginia.EDU)
Date: Wed Nov 07 2001 - 13:05:09 EST

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                   Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 15, No. 358.
           Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College London

       [1] From: Arun-Kumar Tripathi (22)
             Subject: Digitalizing the human body by David Gugerli et. al.

       [2] From: Arun-Kumar Tripathi (32)
             Subject: Cyborg Guidelines

             Date: Wed, 07 Nov 2001 18:00:22 +0000
             From: Arun-Kumar Tripathi
             Subject: Digitalizing the human body by David Gugerli et. al.

    Dear Dr. William McCarty,

    This is an interesting research project on "Digitalizing the human body"
    in the Cultural and institutional contexts of computer based image
    processing in medical practice is in progress at History of Technology
    Institute at ETH Zuerich, thought might interest to Humanist scholars. The
    case of MRI in Switzerland! The project leaders are Professor David
    Gugerli, Dr. Barbara Orland, & Dr. Regula Burri.


    During the last quarter of this century, medical practice has undergone a
    profound technological change. The physicians technical means to visualize
    the structure, the functions, and the deficiencies of the human body have
    seen a development whose weight is only comparable to the emergence of the
    anatomic theater in early modern times and the introduction of x-ray
    techniques at the end of the 19th century. Computer based imaging
    technologies such as ultrasound, computer assisted tomography, positrone
    emission tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging have dramatically
    amplified the possibilities of medical diagnosis and intervention.

    Full text can be found at:


    Best regards,

             Date: Wed, 07 Nov 2001 18:00:54 +0000
             From: Arun-Kumar Tripathi
             Subject: Cyborg Guidelines

    Dear Prof. Willard McCarty,

    Hi, another project on "Cyborg Guidelines" is in progress at History of
    Technology Institute, ETH Zuerich -thought might interest to humanist
    scholars. It is about Project Visions and R&D Strategies in Computer
    Engineering. The project leaders are Prof. David Gugerli and Dr. Carmen


    "Cybernetic organisms" are inhabiting our concepts of a future man-machine
    relationship ever since Manfred E. Clynes and Nathan S. Kline published
    their "Cyborgs and Space" article in 1960. From a conceptual point of
    view, Clynes and Kline had a very clear approach: Instead of carrying a
    small, artificial environment in order to survive in an unfriendly natural
    environment (e.g. wearing a special space suit during extra vehicular
    activities), they rather proposed to change the homeostatic conditions and
    cybernetic controls of the organism itself: "If man in space, in addition
    to flying his vehicle, must continuously be checking on things and making
    adjustments merely in order to keep himself alive, he becomes a slave to
    the machine. The purpose of the Cyborg, as well as his own homeostatic
    systems, is to provide an organizational system in which such robot-like
    problems are taken care of automatically and unconsciously, leaving man
    free to explore, to create, to think, and to feel." (Clynes and Kline
    1960, see also Driscoll 1963). In 1984, William Gibson published his
    influential novel Neuromancer where he created a similar vision of the
    future relationship between humans and technology (Gibson 1984). From
    Neuromancer we got the now ubiquitous term "cyberspace", which describes a
    new class of cybernetically controlled spaces.

    Complete details about the project can be found here:



    Thank you!
    Arun Tripathi

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