15.181 news from ELRA, Free Online Scholarship

From: by way of Willard McCarty (willard@lists.village.Virginia.EDU)
Date: Fri Aug 17 2001 - 03:27:58 EDT

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                   Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 15, No. 181.
           Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College London

       [1] From: "David L. Gants" <dgants@parallel.park.uga.edu> (38)
             Subject: ELRA news 1/2

       [2] From: "David L. Gants" <dgants@parallel.park.uga.edu> (82)
             Subject: ELRA news 2/2

       [3] From: "Prof S.R.L. Clark" <srlclark@liverpool.ac.uk> (415)
             Subject: FOS Newsletter, 8/16/01 (fwd)

             Date: Fri, 17 Aug 2001 08:20:07 +0100
             From: "David L. Gants" <dgants@parallel.park.uga.edu>
             Subject: ELRA news 1/2

    >> From: Magali Duclaux <duclaux@elda.fr>

    European Language Resources Association
    ELRA News
    We are happy to announce new resources available via ELRA:

    ELRA-W0028 Wolverhampton Business English Corpus
    ELRA-S0113 Spoken Dutch Corpus

    A description of these two resources is given below.

    ELRA-W0028 Wolverhampton Business English Corpus

    Produced by the Computational Linguistics Group at
    University of Wolverhampton through a funding from ELRA
    in the framework of the European Commision project
    LRsP&P (Language Resources Production & Packaging
    - LE4-8335), the Business English Corpus consists of
    10.186.259 words collected from 23 different Web sites
    related to business.

    ELRA-S0113 Spoken Dutch Corpus

    Intermediate releases of the Spoken Dutch Corpus are
    made available regularly (approximately every 6 months).
    The first release came out in March 2000 (3 releases up to
    the current date), and the complete corpus will be available
    in June 2003: it will contain 10 million words. The next
    intermediate release will be published in October 2001.

    For further information, please contact:
    55-57 rue Brillat-Savarin
    F-75013 Paris, France
    T=E9l. : +33 01 43 13 33 33
    Fax : +33 01 43 13 33 30
    Email: mapelli@elda.fr
    or consult our catalogue at the following address:
    or http://www.elda.fr

             Date: Fri, 17 Aug 2001 08:20:39 +0100
             From: "David L. Gants" <dgants@parallel.park.uga.edu>
             Subject: ELRA news 2/2

    >> From: Magali Duclaux <duclaux@elda.fr>

    European Language Resources Association
    ELRA News

    We are happy to announce new resources available via ELRA:

    ELRA S0034 Verbmobil (new resources added)

    A description of each database is given below:

    VM CD 53.1 - VM53.1 (BAS edition)
    German, 16 spontaneous dialogues (16 close mic,
    8 room mic, 8 phone line (GSM) recordings) - 1771 turns,
    transliteration (VM II Format).

    VM CD 60.1 - VM60.1 (BAS-Edition)
    Japanese - 10 spontaneous dialogues (10 close mic,
    0 room mic, 0 phone line (GSM) recordings) - 501 turns,
    transliteration (VM II Format).

    VM CD 61.1 - VM61.1 (BAS-Edition)
    Japanese - 19 spontaneous dialogues (19 close mic,
    0 room mic, 0 phone line (GSM) recordings) - 946 turns,
    transliteration (VM II Format).

    VM CD 62.1 - VM62.1 (BAS-Edition)
    Japanese - 21 spontaneous dialogues (21 close mic,
    0 room mic, 0 phone line (GSM) recordings) - 981 turns,
    transliteration (VM II Format).

    VM CD 51.1 - VM51.1 (BAS-Edition)
    Multilingual German/English with human interpreter
    (3 channels) - 15 spontaneous dialogues (15 close mic,
    0 room mic, 0 phone line (GSM) recordings) - 873 turns,
    transliteration (VM II Format).

    VM CD 52.1 - VM52.1 (BAS-Edition)
    Multilingual German/English with human interpreter
    (3 channels) - 13 spontaneous dialogues (13 close mic,
    0 room mic, 0 phone line (GSM) recordings) - 728 turns,
    transliteration (VM II Format).

    VM CD 55.1 - VM55.1 (BAS-Edition)
    Multilingual German/English with human interpreter
    (3 channels) - 11 spontaneous dialogues (11 close mic,
    0 room mic, 0 phone line (GSM) recordings) - 518 turns,
    transliteration (VM II Format).

    VM CD 56.1 - VM56.1 (BAS-Edition)
    Multilingual German/English with human interpreter
    (3 channels) - 12 spontaneous dialogues (12 close mic,
    0 room mic, 0 phone line (GSM) recordings) - 620 turns,
    transliteration (VM II Format).

    VM CD 57.1 - VM57.1 (BAS-Edition)
    Multilingual German/Japanese with 2 human interpreters
    (4 channels) - 11 spontaneous dialogues (11 close mic,
    0 room mic, 0 phone line (GSM) recordings) - 702 turns,
    transliteration (VM II Format).

    VM CD 58.1 - VM58.1 (BAS-Edition)
    Multilingual German/Japanese with 2 human interpreters
    (4 channels) - 7 spontaneous dialogues (7 close mic,
    0 room mic, 0 phone line (GSM) recordings) - 421 turns,
    transliteration (VM II Format).

    VM CD 59.1 - VM59.1 (BAS-Edition)
    Multilingual German/Japanese with 2 human interpreters
    (4 channels) - 7 spontaneous dialogues (7 close mic,
    0 room mic, 0 phone line (GSM) recordings) - 354 turns,
    transliteration (VM II Format).

    VM CD 63.0 - VM63.0 (original edition)
    German - 14 WOZ dialogues designed to evoke emotions
    (mainnly anger) - transliteration, emotion labeling.

    VM CD 64.0 - VM64.0 (original edition)
    German - 13 WOZ dialogues designed to evoke emotions
    (mainnly anger) - transliteration, emotion labeling.

    VM CD 65.0 - VM65.0 (original edition)
    German - 13 WOZ dialogues designed to evoke emotions
    (mainnly anger) - transliteration, emotion labeling.

    For further information, please contact:
    55-57 rue Brillat-Savarin
    F-75013 Paris, France
    T=E9l. : +33 01 43 13 33 33
    Fax : +33 01 43 13 33 30
    Email: mapelli@elda.fr
    or consult our catalogue at the following address:
    or http://www.elda.fr

             Date: Fri, 17 Aug 2001 08:21:35 +0100
             From: "Prof S.R.L. Clark" <srlclark@liverpool.ac.uk>
             Subject: FOS Newsletter, 8/16/01 (fwd)

    ---------- Forwarded message ----------
    Date: Thu, 16 Aug 2001 11:14:05 -0400
    From: Peter Suber <peters@earlham.edu>
    To: suber-fos@topica.com

            Welcome to the Free Online Scholarship Newsletter
            August 16, 2001

    Edward Felten speaks

    Princeton's Edward Felten finally described in public how he bypassed the
    copy-protection methods created by the Secure Digital Music Initiative

    You probably know the backstory, but here's a brief overview just in
    case. The SDMI is a consortium of 200+ music and technology
    companies. Last September it offered a reward of up to $10,000 to anyone
    who could bypass its experimental copy protection schemes on a music CD in
    less than a month. Felten and his team broke five of the six in three
    weeks. They refused the prize money so that they would be free to publish
    their methods and results.

    Felten planned to present his team's work at a Pittsburgh conference in
    April, but cancelled his talk when a lawyer from the Recording Industry
    Association of America (RIAA) wrote him a threatening letter. The RIAA
    later said that the letter was not a threat to sue. However, since the
    Digital Millenium Copyright Act (DMCA) prohibits bypassing copy-protection
    on copyrighted works, even for academic purposes, Felten worried about
    liability. The recent arrest of Dmitry Sklyarov has proved that Felten's
    fears were justified. In June, Felten asked a U.S. District Court to
    declare that he has a First Amendment right to give his presentation, and
    to overturn the parts of the DMCA that would stop him, but the court has
    not yet ruled. In its motion to dismiss Felten's lawsuit, the RIAA
    repeated its insistence that it was not Felten's legal adversary. With
    that assurance, Felten agreed to give his presentation last night at the
    Usenix Security Symposium, in Washington, D.C.

    Felten has said he will continue to press his lawsuit even after he
    presents his paper. In my view he is right to do so. Sklyarov is being
    prosecuted even though Adobe has dropped its complaint against him. Even
    if the RIAA doesn't file a legal complaint against Felten, a zealous
    prosecutor could still prosecute him. In that sense, he needs a court to
    defang the DMCA and affirm his First Amendment right to describe his
    research in public. However, a court disinclined to examine the merits of
    his claim could decide that it is moot now that he has given his presentation.

    Lessons from the SDMI Challenge, by Felten and others
    (Links to PDF text, Ogg Vorbis audio, and RealVideo)

    Usenix Security Symposium

    SDMI home page

    The SDMI challenge (September 2000)
    ("So here's the invitation: Attack the proposed technologies. Crack them.")

    RIAA home page

    The EFF page on Felten v. RIAA

    Good pages on the DMCA
       From the EFF, http://www.eff.org/IP/DMCA/
       From Anti-DMCA, http://www.anti-dmca.org/


    Public Library of Science deadline imminent

    If you're reading this, then you probably know about the Public Library of
    Science (PLoS), one of the boldest recent FOS initiatives. It all started
    with a March 23 letter to the editor of _Science Magazine_ signed by
    Richard Roberts, Harold Varmus, and eight others. The gist of the letter
    was to call on biomedical journals to put their contents online, free of
    charge, in public archives, within six months of print publication. The
    call has since been widened to all scientific and scholarly
    journals. Roberts, Varmus, et al. also called on scientists to sign a
    pledge not to "publish in, edit or review for, or personally subscribe to"
    journals that do not heed the call. The web list of signers now includes
    more than 26,000 scientists from 170 countries.

    Quoting the PLoS FAQ: "No institution that asks for our money and
    voluntary contributions of work and intellectual property has a right to
    take these for granted."

    The deadline for journals to comply and pledgers to act is September 1. If
    you want to add weight to the PLoS call on journals, there is still time to
    sign the web pledge. If you want to coordinate your action with research
    and library colleagues, now is the time to talk to them. If you want to
    write up this story for a journal covering your discipline, now is a good
    time to start.

    Start to watch your favorite news sources and scholarly journals for
    responses to the pledge, the deadline, and the action of pledgers. I
    imagine this story will be covered fairly well in the scientific and
    mainstream press. But I also imagine that there will be many small,
    telling episodes that never make the bigger news outlets, including
    individual struggles with conscience by pledgers. If you learn of any
    details not being covered elsewhere, or if you have thoughts on the PLoS
    initiative, I hope you'll post them to our discussion forum.

    Public Library of Science

    Original letter to the editor of _Science Magazine_, March 23, 2001

    Web version of PLoS Open Letter (shorter than the _Science Magazine_ version)

    List of journals meeting PLoS conditions

    Sign the PLoS petition

    FOS discussion forum
    (Anyone may read; only subscribers may post; subscription is free.)


    Psychologists adjust

    In June the American Psychological Association (APA) revised its policy on
    posting articles to the internet. Authors may post unreviewed preprints to
    the web provided they label them as unreviewed. The APA warns authors that
    some journals will regard this as prior publication and will refuse to
    consider them. It does not condemn or discourage this practice by
    journals, but at least it has dropped the explicit endorsement contained in
    previous policy statement.

    Authors of articles accepted for publication in APA journals may post
    electronic versions to their personal or institutional websites, but not to
    third-party repositories, and may do so as soon as the articles are
    accepted. This is a liberalization of the previous policy, which held that
    authors could not put reviewed post-prints online until three years after
    print publication. Authors may not create the digital version of an
    article by scanning the print version from an APA journal. (Thanks to
    Christopher Green's 8/12 posting to the September98-Forum for details on
    the APA's previous policy.)

    APA policy on posting articles to the internet

    * Postscript. What positions do the major professional societies in your
    discipline take on these questions? If you can find online policy
    statements and send me the URLs, I'll collect them on a web page.

    * PPS. Since scholars can have FOS as soon as they decide to have it, it's
    heartening to see professional associations take steps in the direction of
    having it. The APA is ahead of most scholars and even more publishers in
    its willingness to see scholarship free and online in some form. On the
    other hand, it is still endorsing unnecessary impediments to FOS. This is
    only a problem if you want to follow the professional associations and not
    lead them. Bottom line: you needn't wait for publishers and you needn't
    wait for professional associations. You can make an individual or
    institutional archive for unreviewed preprints at any time. You and
    colleagues can create new free online peer-reviewed journals at any
    time. If you serve on the editorial board for an existing print journal,
    you and your board colleagues can move the journal to the web at any time,
    divorcing your current publisher if necessary. (For an inspiring example,
    see the _Journal of Logic Programming_ story in our May 11 issue.)


    Do it yourself

    * Sun has released the second edition of its Digital Library Tool
    Kit. This is the first upgrade in the tool kit since 1998. The title may
    be misleading: this is not software but a document of advice and
    instruction. It can be downloaded free of charge.

    * The Scout Report has released the Scout Portal Toolkit. If you want to
    assemble an online collection of academic content and focus on the content,
    download this free software.

    * Make your own e-books from your desktop publisher. New software allows
    you to export QuarkXPress documents to Microsoft Reader e-book format. The
    software is free for downloading.


    Share your thoughts

    * Mark Jordan of Simon Fraser University and Dave Kisly of the British
    Columbia Electronic Library Network are conducting a survey on how
    libraries handle electronic serials. They would like no more than one
    reply per library. If you represent a library, share your thoughts before
    the September 30 deadline.

    * The Dublin Core Metadata Initiative seeks your comments on the first
    draft of its library application profile.

    * Gerry McKiernan is looking for examples of Library Knowledge Bases to add
    to his web-based registry.

    * The Open eBook Forum is calling for all eBook stakeholders (e.g. readers,
    publishers, librarians, vendors) to contribute "any need, want or wish that
    a participant determines should be reviewed by others to facilitate an
    effective and efficient ePublishing industry."

    * The National Technical Information Service (NTIS) wants your comments on
    its plan to streamline access to technical reports. It proposes to enhance
    its search engine hit links with digital object identifiers (DOIs) that
    resolve to the copies of the reports in the agencies that created
    them. This will enable users to link directly to free versions of the
    documents. By contrast, downloading the same documents from NTIS is not
    free. (So what's the catch?) Comments will be accepted until September 13.


    New on the net

    * The Open Archives Initiative (OAI) home page has moved from Los Alamos
    servers to Cornell University. Note the new URL.

    * Imagine a work of web art which makes your browser window into an
    abstract map of Dewey Decimal space. As you move your cursor around, you
    mouse over Dewey numbers embedded in an ever-changing 3D grid of active
    links to real web pages. If you click, you'll open a new window to the
    page your mouse is then highlighting, although you will almost always be
    surprised what this page turns out to be. It's cool and confusing at the
    same time. You'll hope this not the future of online information
    cataloging, but you'll hope it influences that future. It's Babel by Simon
    Biggs. (You'll need Shockwave installed.)

    * Cornell's Engineering and Computer Science Library created Sticker Shock,
    a text and image slide show on the serials crisis.

    * The National Academies (National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of
    Engineering, Institute of Medicine, and National Research Council) have
    launched a web site on intellectual property topics, especially those that
    arise in the scholarship and research. It contains a library of valuable
    papers, a discussion forum, and a newsletter.

    * Yahoo is now offering free online course management tools, which will
    make it a competitor with WebCT, Blackboard, and other priced
    vendors. This is a good deal for academics. But two provisos: (1) you
    might prefer MIT's free online course management tools, which have the
    advantage of open source, and (2) Yahoo has recently started charging for
    services it originally offered free of charge.

    Yahoo Education

    MIT's Open Knowledge Initiative


    In other publications

    * In their September issue, the editors of _Smart Business_, name
    Sigma-Aldrich as #20 among the Smart Business 50. These are companies that
    make exceptional use of the internet. Sigma-Aldrich sells chemicals, but
    won this distinction because it provides useful, voluminous, and free
    information about its chemicals. The result is a free online content
    provider as much as a for-profit chemical vendor.

    Smart Business story on Sigma-Aldrich (scroll down to #20)

    Sigma-Aldrich home page

    * In the August 15 _DigiNews_, Daniel Greenstein and Gerald George describe
    the Digital Library Federation (DLF) project to develop a standard of
    minimum digital fidelity when digitizing printed texts. A higher standard
    will enhance the interoperability of different archives but exclude more
    legacy data. The DLF will soon post its proposed standard to its web site
    for discussion and approval.

    * In the same issue of _DigiNews_, David Holdsworth and Paul Wheatley argue
    for emulation as a method of digital preservation. Emulation goes beyond
    preserving a data file to recreating the digital environment in which the
    file can be viewed or executed.

    * In the August 14 issue of the _Chronicle of Higher Education_ Goldie
    Blumenstyk tells how the Cal State University System used its large size to
    bargain for more advantageous terms with netLibrary. Normally e-books
    purchased from netLibrary may be read read or "borrowed" by only one
    library patron at a time. Under the new contract, about half of Cal
    State's e-books from netLibrary may be borrowed by an unlimited number of
    readers at once, and Cal State pays no more for this arrangement. The Cal
    State director of e-book projects who negotiated the deal is named Evan Reader.

    * In the August 13 _Content Exchange_ Ethan Casey reports on how the
    _Chronicle of Higher Education_ uses the web to supplement its print

    * In the August 10 _Chronicle of Higher Education_, Andrea Foster describes
    the disagreement between David Touretzky and Michael Shamos, both on the CS
    faculty at Carnegie Mellon. Touretzky is a leading critic of the DMCA and
    publicizes source code for bypassing encryption on DVDs and ebooks. Shamos
    is a computer scientist, former IP lawyer, and former teacher of Touretzky,
    who believes that Touretzky's actions unlawfully undermine e-commerce. The
    two were expert witnesses on the opposite sides of the DeCSS case and may
    face each other again in the Edward Felten case.

    * In the July 24 issue of _Time Magazine_, Katherine Bonamici asks how
    libraries will far in the digital age if they must make ongoing payments in
    order to retain the rights to the e-books they "buy". Both publishers and
    libraries are waiting for a study by the Copyright Office on just this
    question --which was due last fall.

    * The Duke University Digital Library Initiatives Task Group recently put
    its report online. The group was charged to develop a 3-5 year vision
    statement for digital library initiatives and to suggest strategies to
    achieve the vision.

    * Sam Vaknin has posted a review of the DOI-EB to his growing collection of
    articles on digital content. The DOI-EB is an initiative to apply digital
    object identifiers (DOIs) to e-books (EB's). His review also functions as
    a useful introduction to DOIs.

    * Human Rights Watch reports that China has further tightened controls over
    the internet. It calls on corporate sponsors of the 2008 Olympics in
    Beijing to use their influence to improve freedom of expression in China.

    Report summary

    Full report


    Following up

    * On June 22, the DC Court of Appeals awarded billions of dollars' worth of
    radio spectrum to NextWave Telecom, Inc. NextWave made the highest bid for
    them, but when it defaulted on its payments, the FCC took the spectrum
    licenses back. The court ruled that the licenses still belonged to
    NextWave, which was going through bankruptcy at the time of the
    default. On August 6, the FCC decided to appeal this decision to the
    Supreme Court. This is only FOS-related because if NextWave wins, it will
    diminish the proceeds from the spectrum auction, and hence undermine the
    very attractive Digital Promise Project (DPP). The DPP is a proposal to
    set aside $18 billion from the spectrum auction for digital media and
    digital content to improve American education. This is a tough one. On
    the one hand, I want to see fairness for debtors in bankruptcy; on the
    other, I want to see the DPP fully funded.

    Christopher Stern, U.S. Govt Will Appeal NextWave Case To Supreme Court

    NextWave v. FCC (June 22 decision, U.S. Court of Appeals)

    The Digital Promise Project

    * Our July 3 issue described the precarious fate of PubScience after the
    Software & Information Industry Association (SIIA), a trade association of
    for-profit publishers, lobbied Congress to stop government subsidies for
    free online scholarship. The SIIA even persuaded a House appropriations
    subcommittee to cut funding for PubScience and adopt the SIIA's rationale
    as its own. Now, however, the Senate has rejected the House measure and
    restored PubScience funding in its own recent spending bill. Next month the
    House and Senate must agree on a final version of the bill.

    Andrea Foster, Senate Bill Offers Tacit Approval of Scholarly Web Portal
    Scorned by House


    Software & Information Industry Association (SIIA)


    In the discussion forum this week, Jo Kirkpatrick and Steve Hitchcock have
    thoughtful analyses of the RePEc case study in commercial exploitation
    presented in our last issue. Join the conversation.

    FOS discussion forum
    (Anyone may read; only subscribers may post; subscription is free.)


    Only two weeks ago I announced that our subscriber count had passed
    400. Now it has passed 500. I thank all of you again for announcing the
    newsletter in your own publications, forwarding copies to colleagues, and
    spreading the word in other ways. You're turning this into a real newsletter.



    If you plan to attend one of the following conferences, please share your
    observations with us through our discussion forum.

    * 67th IFLA Council and General Conference; Libraries and Librarians:
    Making a Difference in the Knowledge Age
    Boston, August 16-25

    * INSPIRAL workshop on integrating digital learning environments with
    digital library services
    Leicester, August 21

    * The Fundamentals of Digital Projects (Illinois Digitization Workshop)
    Urbana, Illinois, August 28 and September 20

    * The International Cultural Heritage Informatics Meeting
    Milan, September 3-7

    * 5th European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital
    Darmstadt, September 4-8

    * DELOS Workshop on Interoperability in Digital Libraries
    Darmstadt, September 8-9

    * Experimental OAI Based Digital Library Systems
    Darmstadt, September 8

    * Preserving Online Content for Future Generations
    Darmstadt, September 8

    * International Autumn School on the Digital Library and E-publishing for
    Physics, Astronomy and Mathematics
    Geneva, September 9-14

    * Digital Libraries: Advanced Methods and Technologies, Digital Collections
    Petrozavodsk, September 11-13

    * Intellectual Property and Multimedia in the Digital Age: Copyright Town
    New York, September 24; Cincinnati, October 27; Eugene, Oregon, November 19

    * Digital Resources for Research in the Humanities
    Sydney, September 26-28

    * EBLIDA Workshop on the Acquisition and Usage of Electronic Resources
    The Hague, September 28

    * Summer School on the Digital Library 2001: Electronic Publishing
    Florence, October 7-12

    * IT in the Transformation of the Library
    Milwaukee, October 11-14

    * International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications 2001
    Tokyo, October 22-26

    * Electronic Book 2001: Authors, Applications, and Accessibility
    Washington D.C., November 5-7


    This is the Free Online Scholarship Newsletter (ISSN 1535-7848).

    Please feel free to forward this newsletter to interested colleagues. If
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    Peter Suber

    Copyright (c) 2001, Peter Suber

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